Effects of Nursing Education Using Virtual Reality: A Systematic Review

가상현실을 활용한 간호교육의 효과: 체계적 문헌 고찰

Kim, Sun Kyung;Eom, Mi Ran;Park, Mi-Hyeon

  • Received : 2018.12.11
  • Accepted : 2019.02.11
  • Published : 2019.02.28


The purpose of the study was to review the evidence of effects of virtual reality (VR) technology in nursing education. Four databases were searched for articles publised until November 2018 that databases include PubMed, Proquest (nursing and allied health), CINAHL, & RISS. Key word used for search include 'education, nursing', 'simulation', 'skill training', 'virtual reality' and 'VR'. Of 695 papers searched, Seven studies were selected for data analysis. Of seven studies, five studies used quasi-experimental design and two used one group design. There were two studies used VR technology for skill training and five were scenario based VR simulation program. Studies evaluated outcomes including students performance, time spent on practice, self-efficacy and communication ability that most studies reported positive effects while some figures were not statistically significant. The findings of this study provides evidence of nursing education program using VR, however, additional research with rigorously designed studies using systematized measurements for study outcomes are required. In addition, comparison with existing skill training and simulation education should be considered in the future studies.


Virtual Reality;Nursing;Skill Training;Simulation;Systematic Review