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The Relationship Between Covert Narcissism and School Life Adaptation in Adolescents : The Mediating Effects of Social Anxiety and Academic Self-Efficacy

청소년의 내현적 자기애가 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향: 사회불안과 학업적 자기효능감의 매개효과

Bae, Yu-Ri;Sung, Seoung-Yun
배유리;성승연

  • Received : 2018.11.26
  • Accepted : 2019.02.11
  • Published : 2019.03.28

Abstract

This study was conducted to examine the mediating effects of social anxiety and academic self-efficacy in the relationship between adolescent covert narcissism and school life adaptation. The subjects were 423 middle school and high school students. The results of this study are as follows: First, covert narcissistic personality tendency had a negative correlation with school life adaptation(r=-.51, p<.01). Covert narcissism had significant positive correlation with social anxiety(r=.70, p<.01) but had negative correlation with academic self-efficacy(r=-.39, p<.01). Social anxiety showed a significant negative correlation with school life adaptation(r=-.50, p<.01), academic self-efficacy had a positive correlation with school life adaptation(r=.63, p<.01), and social anxiety had a negative correlation with academic self-efficacy(r=-.51, p<.01). Second, as a result of verifying the mediating effects of social anxiety and academic self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy has mediating effects on the relationship between covert narcissism and school life adaptation(${\beta}=.41$, p<.001), and social anxiety has no mediating effect on school life adaptation(${\beta}=-.05$, p<.001). The results of this study suggest that If adolescents with covert narcissism have difficulties in adapting to school life, increasing academic self-efficacy, especially self-control efficacy and self-confidence, may be helpful to improve adolescents' adaptation to school life.

Keywords

Covert Narcissism;School Life Adaptation;Social Anxiety;Academic Self-efficacy