A Design and Effect of Design Thinking-Based Team Project Learning in Nursing Clinical Practice

간호학 임상실습에서 디자인씽킹 기반 팀 프로젝트 학습 설계 및 적용효과

Kang, Myung-Ju;Chung, Kyung-Hee;Cho, Jeong-Ah

  • Received : 2018.11.08
  • Accepted : 2019.02.13
  • Published : 2019.03.28


This study aimed to verify the effects of design thinking-based team project learning on nursing college students' empathy and proactivity of problem solving. This study also examined the subjects' experiences obtained from participating in team project activity through reflective analysis. The research was a one-group, pre-and-posttest design. The subjects were 64 seniors majoring in nursing studies in N university who had attended the course of nursing management practice. During the course, they participated in a design thinking team project for a total of 10 sessions for two weeks, five times per week, and one and a half hour per day. Data was analyzed using SPSS Win 22.0, a paired t-test was conducted and Pearson's correlation coefficients were calculated. Content analysis was carried out on their experiences obtained from participation in team project activity. The subjects' empathy(t=-2.94, p=.005) and proactivity of problem solving(t=-6.23, p<.001) showed statistically significant difference between before and after the design thinking-based team project learning and had significant positive correlation(r=.634, p<.001). Analysis of team reflection revealed four themes: design thinking, empathy, problem solving ability, and critical thinking. This study verified that design thinking-based team project learning was very effective in developing nursing college students' empathy and proactivity of problem solving. Research Results Design Thinking Based on team learning, project learning is an effective teaching learning method for finding and defining customer needs, creating a solution to problems, and enhancing engagement and empathy through various stakeholder collaborations I could.


Design Thinking;Empathy;Problem Solving;Nursing Student