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Evaluation of Dietary Behavior of Elementary School Students in the Gyunggi Using Nutrition Quotient

어린이 영양지수 (nutrition quotient)를 이용한 경기 지역 일부 초등학생의 식습관 평가

Oh, Kyung-Mi;Kim, Hyung-Sook
오경미;김형숙

  • Received : 2019.02.14
  • Accepted : 2019.03.05
  • Published : 2019.03.28

Abstract

This study examined the dietary behavior of elementary school students in the Gyunggi area using the Nutrition Quotient (NQ). The subjects were 406 students (199 boys and 207 girls) in their fourth and fifth grades. The NQ, consisting 19 items, was grouped into five domains (balance, diversity, moderation, regularity, and practice). The NQ score of the boys and girls was similar (boys $61.40{\pm}14.31$, girls $63.02{\pm}14.62$). Among the five domains of the NQ, girls showed a higher score in moderation (boys $63.57{\pm}19.00$, girls $70.84{\pm}16.20$) and practice (boys $58.56{\pm}20.50$, girls $64.69{\pm}22.57$) than boys. No gender differences in diversity (boys $71.70{\pm}24.72$, girls $71.26{\pm}23.57$), regularity (boys $59.39{\pm}23.73$, girls $59.34{\pm}23.57$), and balance (boys $56.73{\pm}19.62$, girls $54.58{\pm}20.03$) were observed. The percentage distribution of the NQ grade was 10.8% (highest), 9.4% (high), 45.1% (medium), 20.4% (low), and 14.3% (lowest). More opportunities should be provided for children with a low and lowest NQ grade to participate in nutrition education.

Keywords

Nutrition Quotient;Elementary School Students;Dietary Behavior