University Students' Awareness and Preparedness for Social Problems of the Fourth Industrial Revolution

4차 산업혁명의 사회적 문제에 대한 대학생의 인식과 준비 여부

Yoo, Yang-Seok

  • Received : 2019.02.12
  • Accepted : 2019.03.15
  • Published : 2019.03.28


This study examines university students' awareness and preparedness for anticipated social problems of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and deteremines if there exist differences between gender, major fields of study and school years of students. Based on surveys with 122 university students in Seoul, students majoring in technology-engineering showed more positive outlook than students majoring in humanity-social science. Female students and humanity-social science students showed higher levels of concerns with social problems than male and technology-engineering students. More than three out of five students anticipated that they will experience the influence of the Fourth Industrial Revolution within the next five years. Two out of five students assessed their preparedness to be inadequate. Given the overarching social influence, it is necessary to develop convergent education of technology and social science that raises students' understanding and preparedness without differences in major fields of study and gender for the Fourth Industrial Revolution.


Fourth Industrial Revolution;Technology-Engineering;Humanity-Social Science;Convergence Education;University Education