The purpose of this study was to examine the understanding and perception of 'community welfare', a domain of social welfare. First of all, we used the Q methodology, a qualitative research, to typology the recognition of community welfare. For the analysis, we have obtained various terms (Q samples) that have been discussed and learned in the community welfare, and examined the types of recognition of these terms. For the analysis, 29 samples of 29 samples were obtained from 29 samples of P samples. As a result of analysis, three types were defined. In other words, emphasizes 'participation of residents', 'building ties', and 'improvement of life quality of residents' is named it "Quality of residents life-Relationship Type". emphasizes 'improvement of quality of life of residents' and 'satisfaction of community needs' and named it "Quality of residents life- Desire for community needs Type". emphasizes 'participation of residents' and 'improvement of quality of life of residents' and named it "Participation of Residents-Quality of Life Type". The respondents' characteristics according to type, it was found that there was a difference in recognition of community welfare by individual characteristics. So, we hope to enhance the usefulness of the hypothesis abductive approach and to extend the study to future quantitative research.