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A probabilistic information retrieval model by document ranking using term dependencies

용어간 종속성을 이용한 문서 순위 매기기에 의한 확률적 정보 검색

  • You, Hyun-Jo (Program in Data Science for Humanities, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Jung-Jin (Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, Soongsil University)
  • 유현조 (서울대학교 인문데이터과학 연계전공) ;
  • 이정진 (숭실대학교 정보통계보험수리학과)
  • Received : 2019.08.27
  • Accepted : 2019.09.24
  • Published : 2019.10.31

Abstract

This paper proposes a probabilistic document ranking model incorporating term dependencies. Document ranking is a fundamental information retrieval task. The task is to sort documents in a collection according to the relevance to the user query (Qin et al., Information Retrieval Journal, 13, 346-374, 2010). A probabilistic model is a model for computing the conditional probability of the relevance of each document given query. Most of the widely used models assume the term independence because it is challenging to compute the joint probabilities of multiple terms. Words in natural language texts are obviously highly correlated. In this paper, we assume a multinomial distribution model to calculate the relevance probability of a document by considering the dependency structure of words, and propose an information retrieval model to rank a document by estimating the probability with the maximum entropy method. The results of the ranking simulation experiment in various multinomial situations show better retrieval results than a model that assumes the independence of words. The results of document ranking experiments using real-world datasets LETOR OHSUMED also show better retrieval results.

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