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Monochromatic Amber Light Emitting Diode with YAG and CaAlSiN3 Phosphor in Glass for Automotive Applications

  • Lee, Jeong Woo (Department of Advanced Materials Engineering, Korea Polytechnic University) ;
  • Cha, Jae Min (Department of Advanced Materials Engineering, Korea Polytechnic University) ;
  • Kim, Jinmo (Micro LED Research Center, Korea Photonics Technology Institute) ;
  • Lee, Hee Chul (Department of Advanced Materials Engineering, Korea Polytechnic University) ;
  • Yoon, Chang-Bun (Department of Advanced Materials Engineering, Korea Polytechnic University)
  • Received : 2018.10.29
  • Accepted : 2018.11.28
  • Published : 2019.01.31

Abstract

Monochromatic amber phosphor in glasses (PiGs) for automotive LED applications were fabricated with $YAG:Ce^{3+}$, $CaAlSiN_3:Eu^{2+}$ phosphors and Pb-free silicate glass. After synthesis and thickness-thinning process, PiGs were mounted on high-power blue LED to make monochromatic amber LEDs. PiGs were simple mixtures of 566 nm yellow YAG, 615 nm red $CaAlSiN_3:Eu^{2+}$ phosphor and transparent glass frit. The powders were uniaxially pressed and treated again through CIP (cold isostatic pressing) at 200 MPa for 20 min to increase packing density. After conventional thermal treatment at $550^{\circ}C$ for 30 min, PiGs were applied by using GPS (gas pressure sintering) to obtain a fully dense PiG plate. As the phosphor content increased, the density of the sintered body decreased and PiGs containing 30 wt% phosphor had full sintered density. Changes in photoluminescence spectra and color coordination were investigated by varying the ratio of $YAG/CaAlSiN_3$ and the thickness of the plates. Considering the optical spectrum and color coordinates, PiG plates with $240{\mu}m$ thickness showed a color purity of 98% and a wavelength of about 605 nm. Plates exhibit suitable optical characteristics as amber light-converting material for automotive LED applications.

Keywords

$YAG:Ce^{3+}$;$CaAlSiN_3:Eu^{2+}$;Phosphor in glass (PiG);Glass frit;Amber LED

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)

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