Effect of Nickel Addition on Sintering Behavior and Electrical Conductivity of BaCe0.35Zr0.5Y0.15O3-δ

  • An, Hyegsoon (High-temperature Energy Materials Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Shin, Dongwook (Department of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Technology, Hanyang University) ;
  • Ji, Ho-Il (High-temperature Energy Materials Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology)
  • Received : 2018.11.12
  • Accepted : 2018.11.16
  • Published : 2019.01.31


The effect of different Ni-containing additives on the sintering behavior and electric conductivity of the proton conducting electrolyte $BaCe_{0.35}Zr_{0.5}Y_{0.15}O_{3-{\delta}}$ (BCZY5) was investigated. Ni-doped, NiO-added, and $BaY_2NiO_5$(BYN)-added (all 4 mol%) BCZY5 samples were prepared by the solid state synthesis method and sintered at $1400^{\circ}C$ for 6 h. Among the three samples, the onset of densification was observed at the lowest temperature for NiO-added BCZY5, which is attributed to the formation of an intermediate phase at a low melting temperature. The BYN-added sample, where no consumption of the constitutional elements of the electrolyte was expected during sintering, exhibited the highest electrical conductivity whereas the doped sample had the lowest conductivity. The electrical conductivities at $500^{\circ}C$ under humid argon atmosphere were measured to be 2.0, 4.8, and $6.2mS{\cdot}cm^{-1}$ for Ni-doped and NiO- and BYN-added samples, respectively.


Proton conducting electrolyte;Sintering aid;BCZY;Conductivity;PCFC


Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea


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