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Analysis of Decoupling Phenomenon Between Economic Growth and GHG Emissions: Dynamic Panel Analysis of 63 Countries (1980~2014)

경제성장과 탄소배출량의 탈동조화 현상 분석: 63개국 동태패널분석(1980~2014년)

  • Received : 2019.08.13
  • Accepted : 2019.10.29
  • Published : 2019.12.31

Abstract

The importance of "decoupling" to maintain economic growth and reduce greenhouse gases is emerging as the world has been mandated to reduce greenhouse gases since the 2015 Paris Agreement. This study covered 63 countries from 1980 to 2014 and analyzed the main characteristics and causes of decoupling phenomenon between economic growth and carbon emissions. In this study, the degree of decoupling was measured every five years. The analysis found that the decoupling rate of OECD countries and countries with large incomes was high, and that the decoupling phenomenon has accelerated worldwide since the 2000s. However, the degree of decoupling was different depending on the national characteristics. According to the results of dynamic panel model, the growth rate of manufacturing and the proportion of exports hampered decoupling, while the proportion of human capital and renewable energy had a positive effect on decoupling. Also income had a inverse U-shape non-linear effect on decoupling.

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