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The Effects of Adult Attachment and Self-Differentiation on Clinical Competency of Nursing Students

성인애착과 자아분화가 간호대학생의 임상수행능력에 미치는 영향

  • Chung, Su Kyoung (Department of Nursing, College of Health and Wellfare, Woosong University)
  • 정수경 (우송대학교 보건복지대학 간호학과)
  • Received : 2018.11.12
  • Accepted : 2019.01.04
  • Published : 2019.01.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to understand the relationship between the clinical competency of nursing students and their adult attachment and self-differentiation of nursing students. Data collection was conducted from the third and fourth grade students who had experienced clinical practice in a nursing university at Daejeon, Chungcheong province in two nursing universities at Daejeon and Chungcheong province. Finally, 169 out of initial 200 questionnaires were used for analysis. The collected data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation effectiveness, and stepwise multiple regression using the SPSS Statistics 22 Windows program. Attachment avoidance in adult attachment was significantly correlated with self-differentiation (r=-240, p=.002) and clinical competency (r=-.237, p=.002). Clinical competency was significantly correlated with attachment avoidance (r=-.237, p=.002) and self-differentiation (r=.248, p=.001). The result of stepwise multiple regression indicates that self-differentiation and attachment avoidance (F=8.707, p<.001) predicts 8.4% in clinical competency. The most powerful predictor was self-differentiation (${\beta}=.203$, p=.008), followed by attachment avoidance (${\beta}=.188$, p=.0015). Therefore, in order to improve the clinical competency of nursing college students, it is deemed necessary to develop and apply educational and counseling programs capable of increasing their level of self-differentiation while decreasing their degree of attachment avoidance.

본 연구는 성인애착, 자아분화 및 간호대학생의 임상수행능력 간의 상관관계를 파악하고 성인애착과 자아분화 정도가 간호대학생의 임상수행능력에 영향을 미치는 지를 파악하고자 시행되었다. 자료수집은 대전과 충청남도 4년제 대학교 간호학과 재학생 중 임상실습을 경험한 3학년과 4학년을 대상으로 설문조사하였다. 총 200명을 설문조사하였고 최종 169부의 설문지가 분석에 사용되었다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS Statistics 22 Windows program를 이용하여 서술적 통계, Pearson's correlation coefficient, 단계별 다중회귀분석으로 분석하였다. 본 연구결과 성인애착의 하위영역인 애착회피는 자아분화(r=-.240, p=.002), 임상수행능력(r=-.237, p=.002)과 유의한 상관관계가 있었다. 임상수행능력은 애착회피(r=-.237, p=.002)와 자아분화(r=.248, p=.001)와 유의한 상관관계를 나타내었다. 회귀분석을 시행한 결과 간호대학생의 임상수행능력에 미치는 요인은 자아분화(${\beta}=.203$, p=.008), 애착회피(${\beta}=-.188$, p=.0015) 순으로 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났으며 모형의 설명력은 8.4%(F=8.707, p<.001)로 나타났다. 따라서 간호대학생들의 임상수행능력을 높이기 위해서는 간호대학생들의 성인애착과 자아분화수준을 파악하여 낮은 자아분화 수준을 높이고 간호대학생들의 성인애착의 하위영역인 애착회피 정도를 낮추는 교육 및 상담프로그램 개발과 적용이 필요하다고 볼 수 있다.

Keywords

Table 1. General characteristics

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Table 2. General characteristics

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Table 3. Correlation between variables

SHGSCZ_2019_v20n1_354_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Factors associated with clinical nursing performance

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 우송대학교

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