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Influence of Cultural Competence on Nursing Professionalism of Nursing Students

간호대학생의 문화적 역량이 간호전문직관에 미치는 영향

  • Park, Mijeong (Department of Nursing, Hoseo University) ;
  • Yoo, Hana (Department of Nursing, Daejeon University)
  • Received : 2018.09.10
  • Accepted : 2018.12.17
  • Published : 2019.02.28

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of cultural competence on nursing professionalism among nursing students in South Korea. Methods: A sample of 218 nursing students in three universities answered a self-report questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U-test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Pearson's correlation analyses, and hierarchical multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: There were significant differences in cultural competence depending on the use of foreign language, having foreign friends, frequency of interaction with foreigners, multi-cultural education experiences, and level of demand for multicultural education. There were significant differences in nursing professionalism depending on grade level, satisfaction with major choice, college life satisfaction, and foreign language learning experience. There was a significant positive correlation between cultural competence and nursing professionalism. Lastly, significant predictors of nursing professionalism included satisfaction with major choice (${\beta}=.22$, p=.004), cultural awareness (${\beta}=.22$, p=.007) and cultural experience (${\beta}=.17$, p=.026). The regression model explained 20.2% of nursing professionalism. Conclusion: In order to establish desirable nursing professionalism, strategies for enhancing cultural awareness and cultural experiences in nursing education courses are needed both inside and outside the curriculum.

Keywords

Table 1. Differences of Cultural Competence and Nursing Professionalism by Participants’ Characteristics

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Table 2. Mean Score of Cultural Competence and Nursing Professionalism

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Table 3. Correlations between Cultural Competence and Nursing Professionalism

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Table 4. Influence of Cultural Competence on Nursing Professionalism

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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