Effects of social support on toothbrushing in children and adolescents

아동·청소년의 사회적 지지와 칫솔질 실천의 연관성

  • Kwak, Seon-Hui (Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University) ;
  • Jeong, A-Yeon (Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University) ;
  • Bae, Soo-Myoung (Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University) ;
  • Shin, Sun-Jung (Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University) ;
  • Shin, Bo-Mi (Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University)
  • 곽선희 (강릉원주대학교 치과대학 치위생학과) ;
  • 정아연 (강릉원주대학교 치과대학 치위생학과) ;
  • 배수명 (강릉원주대학교 치과대학 치위생학과) ;
  • 신선정 (강릉원주대학교 치과대학 치위생학과) ;
  • 신보미 (강릉원주대학교 치과대학 치위생학과)
  • Received : 2018.11.21
  • Accepted : 2019.01.20
  • Published : 2019.02.28


Objectives: This study aimed to confirm the relationship between toothbrushing practice after lunch and typical oral health behaviors in children and adolescents according to the subject and type of social support. Methods: The study used data from the 2010 Korean Survey on the Health of Youth and Children and selected 8,704 elementary, middle, and high school students as final targets. Multiple logistic regression was conducted to confirm the link between social support and toothbrushing after lunch. Results: The results showed that in elementary and vocational high school students, statistical significance of all social support variables disappeared after controlling for both demographic and social factors and oral symptom experience. However, in the middle school students, the emotional support of the neighbors and the emotional support of the teachers showed statistically significant effect on brushing daily after lunch (p<0.05). In general high school students, there was a significant association between family emotional support and toothbrushing after lunch (p<0.01). Conclusions: The oral health promotion program for children and adolescents needs to be integrated and coordinated with the overall health promotion program. In particular, it is believed that the school-based program can strengthen the practice of health behaviors by inducing behavioral changes based on the formation of healthy relationships and trust of colleagues and teachers. Therefore, it is necessary to develop social network-based programs including social support such as emotional health and healthy relationships that can be applied among children for oral health promotion.


Adolescents;Children;Oral health;Social determinants of health;Social support;Toothbrushing


Supported by : 강릉원주대학교


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