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Soybean meal substitution by dehulled lupine (Lupinus angustifolius) with enzymes in broiler diets

  • Mera-Zuniga, Fredy (Program of Animal Science, Postgraduate College-Campus Montecillo) ;
  • Pro-Martinez, Arturo (Program of Animal Science, Postgraduate College-Campus Montecillo) ;
  • Zamora-Natera, Juan F (Department of Botany and Zoology, University Center of Biological and Agricultural Sciences, University of Guadalajara) ;
  • Sosa-Montes, Eliseo (Department of Animal Husbandry, Autonomous University of Chapingo) ;
  • Guerrero-Rodriguez, Juan D (Postgraduate College-Campus Puebla) ;
  • Mendoza-Pedroza, Sergio I (Department of Animal Husbandry, Autonomous University of Chapingo) ;
  • Cuca-Garcia, Juan M (Program of Animal Science, Postgraduate College-Campus Montecillo) ;
  • Lopez-Romero, Rosa M (Program of Soil Science, Postgraduate College-Campus Montecillo) ;
  • Chan-Diaz, David (Trouw Nutrition Mexico) ;
  • Becerril-Perez, Carlos M (Program of Animal Science, Postgraduate College-Campus Montecillo) ;
  • Vargas-Galicia, Artemio J (Program of Animal Science, Postgraduate College-Campus Montecillo) ;
  • Bautista-Ortega, Jaime (Program in Bioprospecting and Agricultural Sustainability in the Tropics, Postgraduate College-Campus Campeche)
  • Received : 2018.05.01
  • Accepted : 2018.08.29
  • Published : 2019.04.01

Abstract

Objective: Evaluate the effects of i) dehulling of lupine seed on chemical composition and apparent metabolizable energy (AME) and ii) soybean meal substitution by dehulled lupine seed in broiler diets with enzymes on productive performance, size of digestive organs and welfare-related variables. Methods: Experiment 1, chemical composition and AME were determined in whole and dehulled lupine seed. Experiment 2, two hundred eighty-eight one-day-old male Ross 308 broilers were used. The experimental diets were maize-soybean meal (MS), MS with enzymes (MSE) and maize-dehulled lupine seed with enzymes (MLE). Diets were assigned to the experimental units under a completely randomized design (eight replicates per diet). The body weight (BW) gain, feed intake, feed conversion, digestive organ weights, gait score, latency to lie down and valgus/varus angulation were evaluated. Results: The dehulling process increased protein (25.0% to 31.1%), AME (5.9 to 8.8 MJ/kg) and amino acid contents. The BW gain of broilers fed the MLE diet was similar (p>0.05) to that of those fed the MS diet, but lower than that of those fed the MSE diet. Feed intake of broilers fed the MLE diet was higher (p<0.05) than that of those fed the MS diet and similar (p>0.05) to those fed the MSE diet. Feed conversion of broilers fed the MLE diet was 8.0% and 8.7% higher (p<0.05) than that of those fed the MS and MSE diets, respectively. Broilers fed the MLE diet had the highest (p<0.05) relative proventriculus and gizzard weights, but had poor welfare-related variables. Conclusion: It is possible to substitute soybean meal by dehulled lupine seed with enzymes in broiler diets, obtaining similar BW gains in broilers fed the MLE and MS diets; however, a higher feed intake is required. Additionally, the MLE diet reduced welfare-related variables.

Keywords

Apparent Metabolizable Energy;Enzymes;Welfare-Related Variables;Broiler Performance;Dehulled Lupine;Digestive Organ Size

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Council of Science and Technology of Mexico (CONACyT)

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