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Status and Characteristic of Sasang Constitutional Medicine Philosophy Research in China through CNKI

CNKI에서 중국의 사상체질의학(四象體質醫學) 철학 연구 현황과 특징

  • Bae, Young-Chun (Dept. of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Wonkwang Univ.)
  • 배영춘 (원광대학교 한의과대학 사상체질과)
  • Received : 2019.02.27
  • Accepted : 2019.03.11
  • Published : 2019.03.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to understand how Sasang Constitutional Medicine has been understood in China. Methods I searched for topics in Chinese such as Sasang medicine (四象醫學), Sasang constitution (四象體質), Chao medicine (朝醫), philosophy (哲學), principles (原理), the school of Confucianism (儒家), Confucianism (儒學) and ideology (思想) in CNKI database on January 15, 2019. The selected studies were summarized as three sections; the basic principles of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, influences of Confucianism and comparison with other medicines. Results In China, the principles of Sasang Constitutional Medicine is explained using the concepts such as Heaven-Human-Nature-Order, the Great Ultimate (Taiji), Two Modes (Liang-Yi), Sasang, heart, sorrow-anger-joy-pleasure, nature-emotions (Xingqing), and viscera-bowels (Zang-Fu). Sasang Constitutional Medicine is considered to has been influenced by Confucianism. The form of Sasang Constitutional Medicine was affected by the Book of Changes (Zhouyi), and the contents were impacted by the Great Learning (Daxue), the Doctrine of the Mean (Zhongyong), the Mencius (Mengzi) and the Analects (Lunyu). Sasang Constitutional Medicine have distinctive characteristics in comparison with other medicines, such as inherent determinations of constitution, organs difference by constitution the actions of nature, emotions and desire, recognition of humans as social beings, and the signification of heart as a presiding center. Conclusion In China, the philosophy of Sasang Constitutional Medicine has been studied with basis of four-element structure; activity, mind, body and matter. Also, it has been researched in medical aspects of human trying to control the nature and emotions to be physically, mentally and socially healthy.

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Figure 1. Drawing Concept of Minds and Management of Healthy Qi in Donguisusebowon.

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Figure 2. Development Process of Sasang Constitutional Medicine from Confucianism (A) and Book of Changes (B).

Table 1. Studies Related to the Basic Principles of Sasang Constitutional Medicine Retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure

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Table 2. Studies Related to Influence of Confucianism on Sasang Constitutional Medicine Retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure

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Table 3. Philosophical Characteristics of Sasang Constitutional Medicine Compared with Other Medicine Retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure

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