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Factors Influencing Quality of Sleep in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea

폐쇄성 수면무호흡증 환자의 수면의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인

  • 오윤희 (제주한라대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 오정환 (제주대학교 의학전문대학원 신경과학교실)
  • Received : 2018.10.31
  • Accepted : 2019.01.10
  • Published : 2019.04.28

Abstract

Purpose: This study is a retrospective descriptive study to investigate the factors affecting sleep quality of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) patients. Methods: Data were collected from questionnaires and electronic medical records of 176 patients with obstructive sleep apnea were reviewed from 2017 to 2018. The collected data was analyzed into descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 49.37 years and 94.4%(n=166) had low sleep quality. The quality of sleep of the OSA patients had correlations with daytime sleepiness, and depression. The significant factors influencing quality of sleep were Gender(${\beta}=.18$, p<.004), depression(${\beta}=.50$, p<.001), dry mouth (${\beta}=.15$, p<.016), Headache(${\beta}=.17$, p<.008), explained 37.1% of the variance. Conclusion: To improve their sleep quality, required for OSA patients who have the depression, daytime sleepiness.

Keywords

Obstructive Sleep Apnea;Daytime Sleepiness;Depression;Quality of Sleep

Table 1. General Characteristics of Subjects

CCTHCV_2019_v19n4_120_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Differences of PSQI by General Characteristics

CCTHCV_2019_v19n4_120_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Correlations of Respiratory Disturbance, Depression, Sleepiness and Sleep Quality

CCTHCV_2019_v19n4_120_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Factors Influencing Sleep Quality

CCTHCV_2019_v19n4_120_t0004.png 이미지

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