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Differences of Chemical Exposure Levels according to Residential and Personal Life-style Characteristics of Korean adult population - from Korean National Environmental Health Survey

주거환경 및 개인 생활습관에 따른 화학물질 노출수준 차이 - 국민환경보건기초조사

  • Hwang, Moon-Young (Environmental Health Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Hong, Soo-Yoen (Environmental Health Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kwon, Young-Min (Environmental Health Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Jo, Hye-Jung (Environmental Health Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Park, Choong-Hee (Environmental Health Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research)
  • Received : 2019.04.03
  • Accepted : 2019.04.18
  • Published : 2019.04.30

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine environmental chemical exposure related to residential and personal lifestyle characteristics in the adult Korean population. The observations of this study can provide information useful for developing reduction approaches for exposure to chemicals among the general adult population. Methods: The second stage of the Korean National Environmental Health Survey (KoNHES) was conducted from 2012 to 2014, with 6,478 persons participating. Using the results of the survey, the relationship between exposure levels of heavy metals and organic chemicals and exposure factors, e.g. residential and personal lifestyle characteristics, were analyzed. Results: The exposure levels of VOCs and PAHs were significantly lower in participants living at a distance of more than 100 m from roads versus living closer to roads. Home ventilation lowered VOC and PAH exposure but did not lower chemical exposure from household products. Use of public transportation showed lower exposure to heavy metals, VOCs, and PAHs. Current smoker was significantly higher for levels of heavy metals, VOCs, and PAHs, and the exposure trend was similar for current drinkers. Physical activity was related with higher exposure to phthalates and environmental phenols. Conclusion: Our observations based on a nationally representative population for Korea show that exposure to chemicals varies by residential and personal lifestyle, and this should be considered for developing appropriate mitigation measures and policies. Given the health concerns surrounding environmental chemicals, it is necessary to develop comprehensive measures to reduce chemical exposure.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립환경과학원

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