The Relationship between Goal Orientation and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Mediating Effect of Self-esteem and the Moderating Effect of Ethical Leadership

목표성향이 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향: 자기유능감의 매개효과와 윤리적 리더십의 조절효과를 중심으로

  • 박재춘 (단국대학교 상경대학 경영학부) ;
  • 복경수 (고용노동연수원)
  • Received : 2019.02.28
  • Accepted : 2019.03.26
  • Published : 2019.05.28


This study examines the effect of goal orientation (GO) on employee' self-esteem and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Also, this paper investigates the mediating effect of employee' self-esteem and the moderating effect of leader's ethical leadership. The results of this study targeted 1,656 employees working at company and public institution were as follows: First, we found that learning goal orientation (LGO) and performance prove goal orientation (PPGO) had a positive impact on employee' self-esteem. But performance avoid goal orientation (PAGO) was not directly related to self-esteem. Second, LGO and PPGO had a positive effect on employee' OCB. But PAGO was not related to OCB. Third, the mediating role of self-esteem in the relationship between GO variables (LGO, PPGO) and OCB was statistically significant. Finally, the interaction term of employee' GO (LGO, PPGO) and leader's ethical leadership was not related to OCB, whereas the positive link between PAGO and OCB was stronger when leader's ethical leadership was high. In particular, this study presented with implications for future research, limitations of this study.


Goal Orientation;Self-esteem;Ethical Leadership;Organizational Citizenship Behavior

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그림 1. 연구모형

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그림 2. 윤리적 리더십의 조절효과

표 1. 신뢰도분석결과

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표 2. 목표성향 타당성 분석결과

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표 3. 매개 및 조절, 종속변인 타당성 분석결과

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표 4. 기술통계분석 및 상관관계분석 결과

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표 5. 회귀분석 결과

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표 6. 부트스트래핑 매개효과 검증결과

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표 7. 윤리적 리더십이 조절효과 검증결과

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