DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of Adolescents' Depression on their Life Satisfaction : Focusing on Mediating Effect of Sense of Community

청소년의 우울이 삶의 만족에 미치는 영향 - 공동체의식의 매개효과를 중심으로

  • 강석임 (꽃동네대학교 사회복지상담심리학부) ;
  • 이윤정 (꽃동네대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 정명숙 (꽃동네대학교 사회복지상담심리학부)
  • Received : 2019.02.18
  • Accepted : 2019.04.12
  • Published : 2019.05.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze direct and indirect effects that depression of adolescents have on their life satisfaction through mediating variable called sense of community. To collect data, a survey was administered to 371 adolescents participating in volunteer activity at Youth Training Center located in C province. Data collected were analyzed for mediating effect, using structural equation model. The results showed that sense of community not only directly affect life satisfaction of the adolescents, but also work as a significant mediating variable between depression and life satisfaction. In other words, sense of community was found to reduce the negative impact of depression on life satisfaction. Based on these findings the ways of developing effective measures to promote the sense of community of young adolescents in educational field was discussed, such as developing various experience-activity programs and providing an institutional strategy which support such activity programs.

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_67_f0001.png 이미지

그림 1. 연구모형 Figure 1. Research model

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_67_f0002.png 이미지

그림 2. 구조모형 Figure 2. Structural Model

표 1. 변수 간 상관분석 및 기술통계 Table 1. Correlation analysis and descriptive statistics between variables.

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_67_t0001.png 이미지

표 2. 측정모형의 요인적재량 Table 2. Eigenvalue of Measurement Model

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_67_t0002.png 이미지

표 3. 측정모형의 모형적합지수 Table 3.Model Fitness Statistics for Measurement Model

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_67_t0003.png 이미지

표 4.구조모형의 모형적합지수 Table 4. Model Fitness Statistics for Structural Model

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_67_t0004.png 이미지

표 5. 효과분해 Table 5. Direct Effect, Indirect Effect, and Total Effect in Path Model

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_67_t0005.png 이미지

표 6. 부트스트랩 결과 Table 6. Bootstrapping

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_67_t0006.png 이미지

References

  1. A. R. Kim. "Identifying factors influencing on the quality of life among adolescents", Master's Thesis, Kyungpook National University, 2011.
  2. J. W. Moon. "The Effect of obesity, depression, self esteem, body image on adolescents' life satisfaction", The journal of Korean society for school health education, Vol..13 No.2, pp.119-146, 2012.
  3. T. Y. Jang. "A Study on the effect on the quality of life is of the youth mental health, depression and stress", Doctoral dissertation, Westminster Graduate School of Theology. 2015.
  4. S. L. Kang․B. S. Park․J. M. Lee․G. S. Choi. "The effect of depression and stress of children/adolescents from single parent family on life satisfaction: Multiple mediating effect of family relationship and local community support", Journal of school Social Work, Vol. 32, pp. 137-157, 2015. https://doi.org/10.20993/SSW.32.6
  5. J. H. An․Y. D. Yun․H. S. Lim. "The Life Satisfaction Analysis of Middle School Students Using Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey Data", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol.33, No.2, pp. 197-208, 2016.
  6. G. Y. Kang ․ Y. M. Jang. "A Study on Sense of Community of adolescents", Journal of Future Oriented Youth Society, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 97-123, 2013.
  7. H. J. Lee. " The Structural Relationships between Adolescents' Religious Activities, Community Spirit, Social-emotional Adaptation and Life Satisfaction : Comparison of Christianity and Other Religions", A Journal of Christian Education in Korea, Vol.48, pp.79-111, 2016.
  8. S, H. Cho․S. Y. Park. "Life Satisfaction Factors of Early Adolescents", Family and Family Therapy, Vol.23, No.4, pp.801-818, 2015. https://doi.org/10.21479/kaft.2015.23.4.801
  9. Y. K. Hwang. "The environmental factors of youth house, school and community Impact on the satisfaction of life", Master's Thesis, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology, 2016.
  10. E. J. Kim․S. S. Lee. "Structural Relationship among High School Student's Empathetic School Community Competency, Sense of Community, and Subjective Wellbeing" Journal of Learner-Centered Curriculum and Instruction, Vol.18, No.15, pp.917-936, 2018.
  11. M. A. Oh․H. Y. Jo. "The Longitudinal Relationship between Korean Youth's Social Withdrawal, Depression and Community Sense Using Latent Growth Model : A Mediating Effect of Achievement Values", Journal of Korean Home Management Association, Vol.35 No.1, 2017.
  12. Y. R. Woo․C. R. Nho. "Mediating Effects of Sense of Community Solidarity between Emotional and Aggressive Problems and School Adjustments among Adolescents", Journal of Youth Welfare, Vol.16, No.2, pp.203-227, 2014.
  13. McMillan, D. W. Sense of community. Journal of Community Psychology, 24(4): 215-325. 1996.
  14. Petersen, N. A., Speer, P. W., and McMillan, D. W. "Validation of a brief sense of community scale: Confirmation of the principal theory of sense of community. Journal of Community Psychology, 36(1): 61-73. 2008. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.20217
  15. J. S. Park. "The relationship among school adolescents' training activity, voluntary service, self-esteem and sense of community", Korean Journal of Youth Studies, Vol. 17, No.4, pp. 157-182, 2010.
  16. Bramston, P., Bruggerman, K., and Pretty, G., "Community perspectives and subjective quality of life". International Journal of Disability, Development & Education, 49(4): 385-397. 2002. https://doi.org/10.1080/1034912022000028358
  17. Petrillo, G., Capone, V., & Donizetti, A. R., "Validation of a self-report measure for adolescents". Journal of Community Psychology, 44(3): 399-409. 2016. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.21769
  18. Pretty, G., Conroy, C., Dugay, J., Fowler, K., and Williams, D., "Sense of community and its relevance to adolescents of all ages". Journal of Community Psychology, 24(4): 365-379. 1996. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1520-6629(199610)24:4<365::AID-JCOP6>3.0.CO;2-T
  19. H. K, Lee․S. H. Cho․J. H. Kim․Y. K. Ki m․H. I. Choo. "Influence of Self Efficacy, Social Support and Sense of Community on Health-related Quality of Life for Middle-aged and Elderly Residents Living in a Rural Community", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol.44, No.6, pp.608-616, 2014. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2014.44.6.608
  20. Gattino, S., De Piccoli, N., Fassio, O., & Rollero, C., "Quality of life and sense of community: A study on health and place of residence". Journal of Community Psychology, 41: 811-826. 2013. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.21575
  21. Prezza, M., Amichi, M., Roberti, T. and Tedeschi, G., "Sense of community referred to the whole town: Its relations with neighboring, loneliness, life satisfaction, and area of residence". Journal of Community Psychology, 29(1): 29-52. 2001. https://doi.org/10.1002/1520-6629(200101)29:1<29::AID-JCOP3>3.0.CO;2-C
  22. Prezza, M. and Costantini, S., "Sense of community and life satisfaction: Investigation in three different territorial contexts". Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 8: 181-1, 1998. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1298(199805/06)8:3<181::AID-CASP436>3.0.CO;2-4
  23. S. C. Ock․H. S. Park. "The Relationships between the Community Consciousness and the Satisfaction of the School life on Elementary Students", Journal of Learner-Centered Curriculum and Instruction, Vol.16 No.3, pp. 37-58, 2016.
  24. C. S. Yoon․H. S. Kim. "The Relationship among Middle School Students Perception on Physical Education Classes, Sense of Community and Satisfaction with School Life", The Korea Journal of Sports Science, Vol.26, No.2, pp.803-813, 2017.
  25. H. S. Kim․Y. C. An․J. Y. Song. "The Effect of Youth Volunteer Activities on the Life Satisfaction: Focusing on Mediating Effect of Sense of Community", Journal of Education & Culture, Vol.24, No.1, pp. 305-325, 2018. https://doi.org/10.24159/joec.2018.24.1.305
  26. N. M. Hong. "The effects of youth volunteering on school adjustment mediated by self-esteem and community spirit", Forum for Youth Culture, Vol 44, pp.157-180, 2015. https://doi.org/10.17854/ffyc.2015.10.44.157
  27. M. H. Cho․K. H. Cha. "Comparative Study of the Quality of Life between Countries," ,jibmundang:seoul, 1998.
  28. K. K. Chon․S. C. Choi․B. C, Yang. "Integrated Adaptation of CES - D in Korea", Korean journal of health psychology, Vol.6, No.1, pp.59-76, 2001.
  29. H. R. Kim. " Adolescents'Psycho-social traits through the voluntary program of KKottongnae Love Education Center", The Journal of Social Welfare Research, Vol. 10, pp. 33-58, 2015.
  30. H. J. Kim. "The effect of Latent Classes in Adolescents' Social Activity Participation on their Sense of community", Journal of school Social Work, Vol. 28, pp. 195-214, 2014.
  31. S. A. Ryu. "The longitudinal effect of victimized experiences and sense of community on emotional and physical development in adolescents", Korean Journal of Youth Studies, Vol. 23, No. 11, pp. 87-111, 2016.
  32. H. J. Park․J. S. Lee․Y. S. Lee. "The Analysis on the Effects of Volunteer Activity Participation on Student's Sense of Community", The Journal of Educational Administration, Vol.33, No.2, pp. 235-257, 2015.
  33. Arthur, J., 1999. "School and community: The communitarian agenda in education". London: Palmer Press.
  34. H. I. Choi․Y. K. Moon. "Impact of Community Spirits on School Adjustment in Adolescents", Journal of community welfare, Vol.45, pp.189-209, 2013.
  35. G. N. Park. "The Effect of Youth participation on a Sense of Community", Korean Journal of Youth Studies, Vol. 16, No. 10, pp. 273-306, 2009.
  36. J. S. Ha. "A Study on the University Students' Voluntary Activities and Sense of Community", Master's Thesis, University of Seoul, 2012.
  37. S, R. Jung. " Mediating Effects of Sense of Community in the relation of Neighborhood Disorder and Depression, Life Satisfaction among the Elderly Living Alone : Implications for Christian Counseling", Theology and Praxis, Vol.56, pp.471-492, 2017. https://doi.org/10.14387/jkspth.2017.56.471