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The Relationships among Human, Machine, and Thought in Charles Babbage's Calculating Engines

찰스 바비지의 계산기관에서 인간, 기계, 생각의 관계성

  • Lim, Shan (Dept. of Curatorial Studies, Dongduk Womens Univ)
  • 임산 (동덕여자대학교 큐레이터학과)
  • Received : 2019.03.06
  • Accepted : 2019.04.21
  • Published : 2019.05.31

Abstract

This paper considers the historical background of the emergence of 'thinking-machine,' that has changed the ontological statue of human and machine. In particular, British mathematician Charles Babbage's Calculating Engines is examined as a material iteration of thinking-machine, focusing on the discursive process by which thought is not the faculty of human, but the function of machine. In Chapter II, I review the dualism of René Descartes who denied the possibility of machine intelligence by separating the substance of body and mind. In Chapter III, Babbage's philosophical assertions which emphasized the function of human associated with thought by rejecting the fundamental opposition between human and machine. Therefore, this paper verifies that the conception of 'thinking-machine' essentially causes the reorganization and reformulation of concepts involved with human identity, and provides the sophisticated sources to prepare new perspective on the artificial technology nowadays.

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_111_f0001.png 이미지

그림 1. 제1호 차분기관, 1832년 Figure 1. Difference Engines No.1, 1832

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