DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Analysis of Korean News Report: Focusing on N. Korea-Russia Summit

국내 언론 보도 연구: 북-러 정상회담을 중심으로

  • Ban, Hyun (Dept. Mass Communication, Incheon National University)
  • 반현 (인천대학교 신문방송학과)
  • Received : 2019.02.19
  • Accepted : 2019.04.09
  • Published : 2019.05.31

Abstract

This paper aims to investigate ideological preferences of news media outlets by looking at the news coverage of North Korea-Russia summit in April, 2019. The meeting has gained attention in South Korea, China, Japan and America in that the historical meeting will reflect the future direction for denuclearization on the Korean peninsular and the peace in the world. Given this, in particular, a special attention is paid to the editorials and headlines of news articles reported in two Korean quality newspapers, DongA Ilbo and Hankyoreh because both are quality newspapers, but are ideologically different. To achieve objectivity and fairness, the same issues dealt with during the summit were compared and analyzed within Martin and White (2005)'s Appraisal framework. As a result, it was found that in editorials of DongA Ilbo showed a negative stance to the summit by employing the 'attitude' factor, whereas the Hankyoreh was overwhelmingly positive toward the issue, also by employing the 'attitude' factor. The political stance is likely to be in line with those shown in the headlines of news articles from each newspaper. That is, it is clear that each news outlet shows its ideological stances to news consumers through linguistic expressions, in that both editorials and the headlines of news articles express their political preferences to the summit by means of linguistic appraisals.

표 1. 동아일보 사설 본문 내용 평가어 분류 Table. 1 The Classification based on Appraisal Framework (DongA Ilbo)

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_117_t0001.png 이미지

표 2. 한겨레신문 사설 본문 내용 평가어 분류 Table. 2 The Classification based on Appraisal Framework (Hankyoreh)

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_117_t0002.png 이미지

표 3. 동아일보 기사의 제목 (동아일보) Table. 3 The Headlines of News Articles (DongA Ilbo)

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_117_t0003.png 이미지

표 4. 한겨레신문의 기사의 제목 (한겨레신문) Table. 4 The Headlines of News Articles (Hankyoreh)

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_117_t0004.png 이미지

References

  1. Herman, S. & Chomsky, N. Manufacturing consent: The political economy of mass media. (2nd ed.) New York: Patheon Books, 2002.
  2. van Dijk, T.A. "Discourse, Power and Access", in C.R. Caldas-Coulthard and M. Coulthard (eds.) Texts and Practices: Readings in Critical Discourse Analysis, pp. 84-104. London: Routledge, 1996.
  3. Fowler, R. Language in the News: Discourse and Ideology in the Press, London, Routledge, 1991.
  4. Martin, J. & White, P. The Language of Evaluation: Appraisal in English, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
  5. Liu, L. & Stevenson, M. D. "A cross-cultural analysis of stance in disaster news reports," Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, Vol. 36 No. 2, 2013.
  6. Haney, F. & Tator, C.. Discourse of domination: racial bias in the Canadian English-language press. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002.
  7. Noh, B. K. & Ban, H. "Ideological Discrepancies in News Media: Focusing on the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election." The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology(JCCT). Vol. 3 No, 4, 2017.
  8. Cho, S. H. "Milyang in Sorrow. The Miserable believed Family." Busan Ilbo, Jan. 18, 2017.
  9. Ban, H. & Noh, B. K. "The Role of Evaluative Language in News Translation: Focusing on Soft and Hard News." International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology (IJACT). Vol. 6 No, 2, 2018.
  10. [이 순간] [This moment] The Scenery in Big Fire at Gangwon through Drone (2019년 4월 26 일자, Hankyoreh)
  11. Korea Audit Bureau of Certification Report. URL: http://www.kabc.or.kr/about/notices/100000002601.
  12. Ban, H. "The study of political stances based on editorials of Korean newspapers," The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology(JCCT). Vol. 4 No, 3, 2018.
  13. A Tug of Nuclear War with Putin, Another Crack in the Sanction towards North Korea? (2019년 4월 26일자, DongA Ilbo)
  14. The Summit Between Kim and Putin, Hope to Give Help to Denuclearization on the Korean Peninsular (2019년 4월 25일자, Hankyoreh)