DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effect of Child-rearing Attitude and Parent-child Communication on Self-Esteem of Children

부모의 양육태도, 아동과의 의사소통이 아동의 자아존중감에 미치는 영향

  • 홍연란 (순천대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 최청숙 (강릉영동대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2019.02.03
  • Accepted : 2019.04.08
  • Published : 2019.05.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was designed to identify the factor contributing to self-esteem of children. Based on the survey results, it was found that the major factors influencing Self-esteem include school record(${\beta}=-.15$, p<.001), communication with mother(${\beta}=.31$, p<.001), child-rearing attitude(${\beta}=.16$, p=.002). These factors explained 32.6% of the self-esteem of children. Therefore these factors should be considered in the educational programs for development of children's self-esteem.

표1 대상자의 일반적 특성 (n=472) Table 1. General Characteristics of Subjects (n=472)

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_217_t0001.png 이미지

표3 자아존중감과 제변수와의 상관관계 (N=472) Table 3. Correlations between related variables and self-esteem(N=472)

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_217_t0002.png 이미지

표4 자아존중감에 영향을 미치는 요인 (N=472) Table 4. Factors Influencing self-esteem (N=472)

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_217_t0003.png 이미지

표2 양육태도, 부모-자녀 의사소통, 자아존중감 (N=472) Table 2. Child-rearing Attitude, Self-esteem, Communication with Mother and Communication with Father (N=472)

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_217_t0004.png 이미지

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 순천대학교

References

  1. Kim EK Yoo GH (2002) A study on the relationship among self-esteem, children's problem behaviors and the fathers' attitudes of childrearing Korean Journal of Play Therapy 5(1): 33-43.
  2. Kim KJ (1985). The effect of academic achievement and perceive parental attitudes on self-concepts of elementary and secondary school students, Journal of Educational Research, 23(2): 35-52.
  3. Rohner RP. Rohner EC (1981). Parental Acceptance-rejection and Parental control: Cross cultural coders. Ethonology, 20: 245-260. https://doi.org/10.2307/3773230
  4. Lee CH, Chung JS, Rhee MK (2009) The influence of parent-adolescent communication on adolescent's depression: mediation effect of self-esteem and irrational belief. The Korean Journal of Health Psychology. 14(2): 433-488. https://doi.org/10.17315/kjhp.2009.14.2.013
  5. Oh HA Park YR Choi MH (2008) The effects of parent-adolescent communication and depression on suicide ideation. The Korean Journal on Child Health Nursing. 14(1): 35-43
  6. Shin HS, Kim JH(2004). Communication and self-esteem between middle school students and their parents, Korean J of Human Ecology 7(2): 47-58.
  7. Mruk, CJ. (2013). "Self-esteem and positivep sycholgy: Research, theory, and practice" NewYork: Springer Publishing Company.
  8. Lee SH, Hoe MS. (2014) A systematic review of children's and juveniles' self-esteem, Journal of School Social Work, 27 253-274.
  9. Julia, FS Ulrich, O (2013) Low self-esteem predict depression and anxiety? A meta analysis of longitudinal studies, Psychological Bulletin 139(1):213-240. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028931
  10. Shin KA, Cho, BH.(2012). Professional self-concept critical thinking disposition and clinical competence in nursing students. Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing. 19(1):46-56 https://doi.org/10.7739/jkafn.2012.19.1.046
  11. Lim SY, Kim SY, Choi HM (2015). The Relationships of Major Satisfaction, Self-Esteem and Nursing Professionalism of the Nursing College Students. The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology. 1(2) 45-51 http://dx.doi.org/10.17703/JCCT.2015.1.2.45 https://doi.org/10.17703/JCCT.2015.1.2.45
  12. Oh JH.(2014). The influencing factors of Self-esteem and Major Satisfaction on College Adjustment among Nursing Students. International Journal of Contents. 14(10):873-884.
  13. Yeun EJ, Kwon YM, Ahn OH (2005). Development of a Nursing Professional Values Scale. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing. 35(6):1091-1100. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2005.35.6.1091
  14. Yun SY, KIM MS.(2014) A study on the relevance amomg Self efficacy, Major satisfaction, Nursing ethics values in Nursing Students before Clinical Practice. Journal of Digital Convergence. 12(2):363-372. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2014.12.2.363
  15. Tessema, MT Ready K. Yu. WW. (2012). Factors affecting college student's satisfaction with major curriculum: evidence from nine years of data. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 2(2):34-44.
  16. Levesque, C. Zuehlke AN. Sranek LR. Ryan RM. (2004). Autonomy and competence in German and American University students: A comparative study based on self-determination thepry. Journal of Educational Psychology. 96(1):68-8 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.96.1.68
  17. Kim SY, Lim SY, Choi HM (2015). The Relationship among Stress in Clinical Practice, Depression and Self-Esteem in Nursing College Students The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology. 1(4) 59-64. http://dx.doi.org/10.17703/JCCT.2015.1.4.59 https://doi.org/10.17703/JCCT.2015.1.4.59
  18. Barnes, HL. Olsen, DH. (1982). Parent-adolescent communication scale, In D. H. Olsen, et al. Family inventories: Inventories used in a national survey of families across the family life cycle. St paul: Family Social Science, University of Minnesota.
  19. Rosenberg, M(1965). Society and Adolescent Self-image, Princeton. NJ: Princeton University Press.
  20. Kwon HJ Sung MY(2014) The Effects of Children's Self-Esteem on Their School Adjustment: Focusing on the Mediation of Peer Attachment Family and environment research, 52(4): 395-403. doi:https://doi.org/10.6115/fer.2014.034 https://doi.org/10.6115/fer.2014.034
  21. Shin HS Kim GH (2004) Communication and self-esteem between middle school students and their parents Korean J of Numan Ecology 7(2) 47-58
  22. Hong, YR (2009) Effects of Child-rearing Attitude and Parent-School age Communication on Self-Efficacy of School-age Children J Korean Acad Child Health Nurs 15(4) 392-400 https://doi.org/10.4094/jkachn.2009.15.4.392
  23. Felson, RB., Zielingski, MA. (1989) Children's self-esteem and parental support. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 51:727-735. https://doi.org/10.2307/352171
  24. Kim EK, Yoo GH (2002). A study on the relationship among self-esteem, children's problem behaviors and the father's attitudes of child rearing. Korean Journal of Play Therapy 5(1):33-43.
  25. Schaefer ES. Baley, N. (1960). Consistency of maternal behavior for infancy to preadolescence, Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 61(1):1-6. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0043289
  26. Tasmia M. Rafia R. (2013) Parental Bonding and its Association with shyness, Self-esteem and selfimage in teenagers, Journal of Behavioral Science, 23(3):102-115.