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The Relationship between Personality Types, Learning Style, and Academic Achievement in First Year Nursing Students

간호학과 신입생의 성격유형, 학습스타일과 학업성취도의 관계

  • 윤희장 (경북보건대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 곽은미 (경북보건대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 권선영 (인하대학교 일반대학원 간호학과)
  • Received : 2019.02.18
  • Accepted : 2019.04.07
  • Published : 2019.05.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to explore the correlation between the personality types and learning styles and academic achievement in first year nursing students. 144 students were sampled in first year nursing sstudents. Data were collected from March 6 to May 18 2018. Results analysis was performed using SPSS win version of frequency, mean and standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Chi-square test, Pearson correlation. The personality types of nursing students in this study were 58.3% of Extrovert type, 41.7% of Introvert type, 33.3% of Sensing, 66.7% of Intuition type, 22.2% of Thinking, 77.8% of Feeling, 50.7% of Judging type, and 49.3% of Perceiving type. The average academic achievement of female students was 3.51 points, higher than the average of 3.17 for male students (t=-3.277, p<.001). The average academic achievement of Introvert type was found to be higher than the average of Extrovert type (t=3.541, p<.001). Learning styles by personality type showed a statistically significant difference between the judging type and the other personality types (${\chi}^2=18.409$, p<.001). There was a significant amount of correlation between gender and TF index (r=.209, p<.05), gender and academic achievement (r=.265, p<.01), JP index and learning styles (r=.262, p<.01, EI index and academic achievement (r=.285, p<.01). The development and utilization of teaching-learning methods suitable for individuals will be required based on the results of personality types, learning styles and academic achievement in first year nursing students identified through this study.

표 1. 일반적 특성과 성격유형 및 학습스타일 Table 1. General characteristics and Personality types and Learning styles

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표2. 일반적특성과성격유형 및 학습스타일에 따른 학업성취도 Table 2. Academic achievement according to General characteristics and Personality types and Learning styles

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_247_t0002.png 이미지

표 3. 성격유형별 학습스타일 분석 Table 3. Chi-Square Test of Personality types and Learning styles

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_247_t0003.png 이미지

표 4. 성격유형, 학습스타일, 학업성취도 간의 상관관계 Table 4. Correlation between Personality types, Learning styles, and Academic achievement

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_247_t0004.png 이미지

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