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Factors Affecting the Suicidal Ideation of the Elderly Living in the Community : Focused on Sleep and Depression

지역사회 거주 노인의 자살생각 영향요인 : 수면과 우울을 중심으로

  • Received : 2019.02.15
  • Accepted : 2019.04.17
  • Published : 2019.05.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing suicidal ideation among the elderly over 60 years old living in the community centered on sleep and depression. A total of 210 elderly people living in a metropolitan city were surveyed about suicidal ideation, sleep pattern (sleep time, quality of sleep) and depression. Data analysis showed that 14.3% of the subjects were seniors with a high suicidal ideation, 23.3% were sleeping less than 5 hours, 17.6% were poor sleep quality, and 33.3% were depressed. According to multiple logistic regression analysis, the factors influencing suicidal ideation were identified as depression (OR=6.889, 95% CI=2.679-17.712), sleep quality (OR=3.770, 95% CI=1.469-9.679), and gender (OR=3.080, 95% CI=1.266-7.491). These three factors accounted for 31.6% of suicidal ideation variables. Based on the results of this study, it is suggested that reducing the depression and improving the quality of sleep in consideration of gender should be an essential strategy for the elderly in the community to reduce the suicidal ideation.

표 1. 대상자의 일반적 특성 Table 1. General characteristics of subjects (N=210)

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_287_t0001.png 이미지

표 2. 대상자의 자살생각, 수면, 우울 Table 2. Suicidal ideation, sleep and depression of subjects (N=210)

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_287_t0002.png 이미지

표 3. 자살생각에 따른 관련 변수의 차이 Table 3. Differences of associated factors between suicidal ideation group (N=210)

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_287_t0003.png 이미지

표 4. 자살생각에 영향을 미치는 요인 Table 4. Factors associated with suicidal ideation (N=210)

GJMGCK_2019_v5n2_287_t0004.png 이미지

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 을지대학교

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