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Problems and Improvement of Game Rating System - Focused on IARC member Countries

게임물 등급 제도의 문제점과 개선방안 모색 - IARC 가입국을 중심으로

  • Kim, Dae-wook (Dept. of Early Childhood Education, Gyeong-sang National University)
  • 김대욱 (경상대학교 유아교육과)
  • Received : 2019.02.05
  • Accepted : 2019.04.15
  • Published : 2019.05.31

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the transition of the game rating system in Korea and to search for problems and improvement measures in the era of IARC game grade review. IARC(International Age Rating Coalition) is an International Classification Alliance, with 37 member organizations from 6 countries. In addition, IARC grants participating store-fronts autonomy to review game ratings. The method of deliberating games in Korea is proceeding with direct review by rating system and deliberation by IARC's own classification system. The problem of the rating system of the game is that the civilian becomes the subject, it relies on the questionnaire, and its side effects are caused by its own classification system. IARC guidelines can be developed to improve the game rating system, education on penalties and ratings for game developers, and management of participating front-stores. In conclusion, it may be dangerous to delegate rating authority to open market, and it is necessary to construct a discussion forum for ratings, including government and industry, game developers, users, and parents of under-age gamers. It is necessary to create a rating system for the game environment in Korea.

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그림 1. 게임물 등급제도의 변천 Figure 1. Transition of Game Rating System

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그림 2. IARC의참여프론트스토어게임심의권한위임여부[4] Figure 2. Delegate authority to review IARC's participating front-store games[4]

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그림 3. 게임물 관리 위원회(GRAC)의 게임등급 분류 절차[2] Figure 3.

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그림 4. 게임콘텐츠등급분류위원회(GCRB)의 게임등급 분류 절차[5] Figure 4. GCRB's Game Classification Procedure[5]

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그림 5. IARC 운영 방식에 따른 게임물 등급 심의[4] Figure 5. IARC review of game grade according to operating method[4]

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그림 6. IARC 가입국들의 게임 심의 위원회 운영 주체 Figure 6. Owner of IARC member countries' game review committee

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그림 7. 게임물 등급 심의 설문지[2] Figure 7. Game grade review questionnaire[2]

References

  1. Game Rating & Administration Committee Homepage. https://www.grac.or.kr 20 April 2019 withdrawal.
  2. Sung-Gi, Hwang. The Problems surrounding Content Regulation of Game on the Act for the Promotion of Game Industry. Law & Technology, 2(4), 16-28, 2006.
  3. IARC homepage. https://www.globalratings.com 20 April 2019 withdrawal.
  4. Game Content Rating Board Homepage. https://www.gcrb.or.kr 20 April 2019 withdrawal.
  5. Seung-Heum, Kim. The Exception and Selfregulation of Game Classification in comparison to Film Classification. Law Research, 26(3), 355-392. 2014.