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Effects of Moringa Oleifera leaf supplementation in lactating sow diets with or without banana peel powder as a fiber source on reproductive performance, fecal moisture content, rectal temperature and hormone profiles

  • Sun, Hao Yang (Department of Animal Resource and Science, Dankook University) ;
  • Kim, Yong Min (Department of Animal Resource and Science, Dankook University) ;
  • Kim, Inho (Department of Animal Resource and Science, Dankook University)
  • Received : 2018.10.24
  • Accepted : 2019.05.02
  • Published : 2019.06.01

Abstract

Twenty crossbred (Yorkshire ${\times}$ Landrace) gestating sows were used to determine the effects of Moringa Oleifera leaf (MOL) supplementation in lactating sow diets with or without banana peel powder (BPP) on reproductive performance, fecal moisture content, rectal temperature and hormone profile. The treatments were as follows: 1) CON (control diet), 2) M1 (control diet + 0.5% MOL), 3) M2 (control diet + 1.0% MOL), 4) M3 (control diet + 0.75% MOL and 0.75% BPP), and 5) M4 (control diet + 1.5% MOL and 1.5% BPP). The diets was fed from da 107 of gestation to weaning. MOL and BPP supplementation decreased (p < 0.05) the fecal moisture content compared with that of the CON at day 0 and 7 after farrowing, and 1.0% supplementation of MOL also decreased (p < 0.05) the fecal moisture content at day 14 after farrowing. On farrowing day, MOL supplementation decreased (p < 0.05) the blood cortisol and norepinephrine concentrations compared with the CON. In conclusion, the results of this study show that MOL supplementation decreased the fecal moisture content and plasma concentrations of cortisol and norepinephrine, and MOL and BPP supplementation also decreased the fecal moisture content in lactating sows.

Table 1. Ingredient of Moringa Oleifera leaf and banana peel powder.

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Table 2. Composition of experimental diets (as-fed basis).

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Table 3. Efect of Moringa Oleifera leaf (MOL) supplementation with or without banana peel powder (BPP) on reproductive performance in lactating sows and piglets.

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Table 4. Efect of Moringa Oleifera leaf (MOL) supplementation with or without banana peel powder (BPP) on fecal moisture content in lactating sows.

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Table 5. Efect of Moringa Oleifera leaf (MOL) supplementation with or without banana peel powder (BPP) on rectal temperature in lactating sows.

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Table 6. Efect of Moringa Oleifera leaf (MOL) supplementation with or without banana peel powder (BPP) on hormones profles concentration in lactating sows.

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