Basic study on a garlic (Alliumsativum L.) upright planter

  • Lee, Sang Yoon (Department of Bio-industrial Machinery Engineering, Gyeongsang National University (Institute of Agriculture and Life Science)) ;
  • Park, Hyo Je (Department of Bio-industrial Machinery Engineering, Gyeongsang National University (Institute of Agriculture and Life Science)) ;
  • Kweon, Gi Young (Department of Bio-industrial Machinery Engineering, Gyeongsang National University (Institute of Agriculture and Life Science))
  • Received : 2019.01.07
  • Accepted : 2019.05.17
  • Published : 2019.06.01


Garlic is one of the most popular seasoning bulb vegetables in Korea and is the most commonly used food ingredient. However, the cultivation areas are decreasing every year as the price drops due to imported garlic, and labor is insufficient to produce garlic by conventional methods. Cultivation requires various tasks until garlic is harvested. Seeding is one of the important and laborious tasks; thus, mechanization is necessary. When seeding garlic, the sprout should face upwards; otherwise, it may rot or produce poor quality garlic. This study investigated the extent of growth of northern- and southern-type garlic in eight different positions. The results show when the roots were not planted properly, the stems were weak, and the garlic bulbs were small. A simple garlic planter was manufactured with a crank-press mechanism to plant garlic in an upright position. Using this machine, a three-fold experiment was carried out with 100 strips of garlic. The test results showed that 99.4% of the planted garlic strips were positioned upright or close to being upright, and 0.6% failed to take root. An image processing algorithm was developed to locate the root part of the garlic, and the result showed a success rate of 81%. A future study will develop an automatic garlic upright planting system with a viewing system.

CNNSA3_2019_v46n2_341_f0001.png 이미지

Fig. 1. Position of planted garlic.

CNNSA3_2019_v46n2_341_f0002.png 이미지

Fig. 2. Design and actual appearance of a garlic upright planter. (a) Detailed parts of garlic upright planter and (b) The actual garlic upright planter with the garlic inlet.

CNNSA3_2019_v46n2_341_f0003.png 이미지

Fig. 3. Image processing fowchart for locating garlic position.

CNNSA3_2019_v46n2_341_f0004.png 이미지

Fig. 4. Growth results of garlic by various seeding positions.

CNNSA3_2019_v46n2_341_f0005.png 이미지

Fig. 5. A typical example of damaged garlic by wrong seeding position. (a) An abnormal growth appearance and (b) A rottenness in the soil.

CNNSA3_2019_v46n2_341_f0006.png 이미지

Fig. 6. Typical examples of normal seeding results when planting with garlic upright planter.

CNNSA3_2019_v46n2_341_f0007.png 이미지

Fig. 7. Analysis of garlic position using image processing (a) Red, Green, Blue (RGB) image of garlic and red arrow indicates supply direction of garlic, (b) Converted RGB image to grayscale, (c) Removed the morphological structuring element from the grayscale, and (d) Converted (c) image to binary image and measured the angle of the roots based on the garlic supply direction

Table 1. Growth results of northern and southern type garlics by seeding position.

CNNSA3_2019_v46n2_341_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Results of seeding test using a garlic standard upright planter.

CNNSA3_2019_v46n2_341_t0002.png 이미지


Supported by : 경상대학교


  1. Kawabata T, Shazuki H, Ishibishi T. 1974. Effect of ascorbic acid on the formation of N-nitrosodimethyl amine in vitro. Bulletin of the Japanese Society for the Science of Fish 40:1251-1256.
  2. Kamanna VS, Chandrasekhara N. 1983. Biochemical and physiological effects of garlic (Allium sativum Linn). Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 42:353-359.
  3. Dewit JC, Notermans S, Gorin N, Kampelmacher EH. 1979. Effect of garlic oil or toxin production by Clostridium botulium in meet slurry. Journal of Food Protect 42:222-227.
  4. Hwang JM, Bae DH, Lee SY. 1995. A study on experimental cultivating methods for developing of sowing machine of garlic seed clove. Korean Society for Horticultural Science 13:84-85. [in Korean]
  5. Kim ES, Chun HJ. 1993. The anticarcinogenic effect of garlic juice against DMBA induced carcinoma on the hamster buccal pouch. Journal of the Korean Society Food Science and Nutrition 22:398-404. [in Korean]
  6. Kim YT, Moon HG, Gong SM, Kim KH, Lee SB. 2001. A study on the detecting specific position of the object using genetic algorithm and image processing. International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems 11:242-245. [in Korean]
  7. Kim HY, Jeong SJ, Heo MY, Kim KS. 2002. Quality characteristics of cookies prepared with varied levels of shredded garlics. Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology 34:637-641. [in Korean]
  8. Kang TG, Lee SH, Kim JG, Kim YK, Choi Y, Choi IS, Kwon YS, Lim J. 2017. A factor analysis of garlic metering device for development of a garlic planter. Journal of Agriculture and Life Science 52:143-151. [in Korean]
  9. Korean Statistical Information Service. 2017. Vegetable production. Accessed in on 22 February 2019.
  10. Lee KS, Chung CJ, Shin EH, Noh KM. 1997. A fundamental study for development of garlic planter. Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery 2:106-112. [in Korean]
  11. Lee JM, Cha TY, Kim SH, Kwon TK, Kwon JH, Lee SH. 2007. Monitoring on extraction conditions for physicochemical qualities of ethanol extract from garlic. Journal of the Korean Society Food Science and Nutrition 36:1198-1204. [in Korean]
  12. Cavallito CJ, Bailey JH. 1944. Alliin, the antibacterial principle of Allium sativum. I. Isolation, physical properties, and antibacterial action. Journal of the American Chemistry Society 66:1950-1956.
  13. Choi DK, Park SH, Kang TK, Kwak TY, Kim YJ. 2008. Development of a garlic clove planter for film mulching (I): Analysis of shape of planted soil holes and planted positions of a garlic. Journal of Biosystems Engineering 33:217-223. [in Korean]
  14. Nishimura H, Hanny W, Mizutani J. 1988. Volatile flavor components and antithrombotic agent: Vinyldithinins from Allium victorialis. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 36:563-569.
  15. Park WY, Lee SS, Cho JS. 2014. Seeding performance of garlic planter using rope-type garlic Seed. Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery 19:149-150. [in Korean]
  16. Ruffin J, Hunter SA. 1983. An evaluation of the side effect of garlic as an antihypertensive agent. Cytobios 37:85-90.
  17. RDA (Rural development administration). 1996. Labor input time by crop and step-by-step working. pp. 420-423. RDA, Suwon, Korea. [in Korean]
  18. Watanabe T. 1988. Utilization of principles of garlic. Food Processing 23:40-42.