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Determination of calcium and phosphorus utilization in various hatchery by-products for broiler chickens

  • Choi, Hyeon Seok (Department of Animal Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Park, Geun Hyeon (Department of Animal Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Kim, Jong Hyuk (Department of Animal Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Ji, Sang Yun (Animal Nutritional Physiology Team, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kil, Dong Yong (Department of Animal Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University)
  • Received : 2019.02.13
  • Accepted : 2019.05.27
  • Published : 2019.06.01

Abstract

The objective of the current study was to determine calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) utilization in 4 different hatchery by-products (HBPs) for broiler chickens. The four different HBPs included infertile eggs (IFE), unhatched eggs (UHE), low grade and dead chicks (LDC), and a mixture (MIX) of 55% IFE, 10% UHE, and 10% LDC with 25% hatched eggshells. A total of sixty four 50-day-old Ross 308 broiler chickens were randomly allotted to 1 of 4 dietary treatments with 8 replicates per treatment. Two birds were placed together in one metabolic cage. Additional 16 birds were used to measure the endogenous losses of Ca and P. A forcefeeding procedure (i.e., crop intubation) was used to measure the apparent and true total tract retention (ATTR and TTTR, respectively) of Ca and P in the 4 HBPs. The results showed that the TTTR of Ca in the UHE was less (p < 0.05) than that in the IFE, LDC, and MIX. The amounts of available Ca in the MIX were greater (p < 0.05) than those in the IFE and UHE, which were greater (p < 0.05) than those in the LDC. The TTTR of P was not different among the 4 HBPs. However, the amounts of available P in the LDC were greater (p < 0.05) than those in the IFE and UHE, which were greater (p < 0.05) than those in the MIX. In conclusion, HBPs contain high amounts of available Ca and P because of high concentrations of total Ca and P with a high utilization rate. Therefore, the use of HBPs in broiler diets can reduce costs on Ca and P supplements.

Table 1. Energy and nutrient compositions of hatchery by-products (HBPs; as-fed basis).

CNNSA3_2019_v46n2_361_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Calcium (Ca) utilization and amounts of available Ca in hatchery by-products (HBPs).

CNNSA3_2019_v46n2_361_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Phosphorus (P) utilization and amounts of available P in hatchery by-products (HBPs).

CNNSA3_2019_v46n2_361_t0003.png 이미지

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Rural Development Administration

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