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Comparison of the major compounds and antimicrobial activities of Koara garlic cultivated in different regions

산지별 고아라 마늘의 주요 성분과 항균활성 비교

  • Kim, Ju-Sung (Majors in Plant Resource and Environment, College of Applied Life Sciences, SARI, Jeju National University) ;
  • Ra, Jong Hwan (Majors in Plant Resource and Environment, College of Applied Life Sciences, SARI, Jeju National University)
  • 김주성 (제주대학교 생명자원과학대학 친환경연구소) ;
  • 라종환 (제주대학교 생명자원과학대학 친환경연구소)
  • Received : 2019.03.22
  • Accepted : 2019.04.29
  • Published : 2019.06.30

Abstract

Although the chemical compositions and biological characteristics of some species of garlic have been investigated, data on Koara garlic are currently lacking. In order to investigate the major compounds and antimicrobial activity of Koara garlic, which was registered as a cultivar in 2012, it was cultivated in Seogwipo, Damyang, and Namhae. Analysis of the chemical composition of the cultivated garlic showed that the alliin, pyruvate contents, and antimicrobial activity were high in garlic grown in Seogwipo ($9.44{\pm}0.28mg/g$, $127.52{\pm}5.50{\mu}M/g$, and 0.31-1.25%, respectively). The total phenol content and reducing sugar contents were abundant in garlic grown in Namhae ($82.23{\pm}0.00g\;GAE/100g$ and $28.59{\pm}0.54mg\;GE/g$, respectively), and the total flavonoid content was high in garlic grown in Damyang ($22.41{\pm}0.77g\;QE/100g$). Although garlics grown in different cultivation areas had different chemical compositions, major compound contents and biological activities of Koara garlic were similar to those of other garlic varieties reported so far. These data will be useful for local farmers, distributors, and consumers.

Keywords

Allium sativum L;antimicrobial activity;organosulfur compound;total pyruvate;reducing sugar

Table 1. Total mineral concentration of Koara garlic grown in Seogwipo, Namhae, and Damyang

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Table 2. Alliin, allicin, and total pyruvate concentrations of Koara garlic grown in Seogwipo, Namhae, and Damyang

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Table 4. Antimicrobial activity of Koara garlic grown in Seogwipo, Namhae, and Damyang

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Table 3. Total phenol, total flavonoid, and total glucose contents of Koara garlic grown in Seogwipo, Namhae, and Damyang

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