Development of a Maker Education Program Using Cement and Mold for Middle School Students and Effect on Convergence Ability for Creativity

시멘트와 거푸집을 이용한 중학교 메이커 교육 프로그램이 창의융합 역량에 미치는 효과

  • Received : 2019.03.28
  • Accepted : 2019.06.20
  • Published : 2019.06.28


The trend of maker education has been mainly focused on program using digital devices, but maker education programs that can make students' creative ideas instantly in various shapes and make them by hand is insufficient. Therefore, in this study, we developed a maker education program using cement and molds and analyzed Effect on the convergence ability for creativity of students. In the preparation stage, educational use cases about cement and molds and the study objects and contents were extracted through the literature review. In the development stage, teaching-learning materials were developed and validity and evaluation tools to measure convergence ability for creativity were selected. In the implementation stage, the expert validity test on the teaching-learning materials and convergence ability test for creativity was evaluated, In the evaluation stage, the effects of the whole area and sub-area of the convergence ability for creativity was analysed. As a result of the t-test for the whole area of convergence ability for creativity, the students who took the maker education program showed a significant change. The test results on the teaching-learning materials showed a positive response to the communication, cooperation ability, knowledge and humanism.


Convergence Ability for Creativity;Maker Education;Cement;Mold;Teaching-Learning Materials

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Fig. 1. Research Process

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Fig. 2. Test design of research

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Fig. 3. Ready made examples of cement household goods

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Fig. 4. Examples of instructional process

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Fig. 5. Examples of teaching material

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Fig. 6. Example of students worksheet

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Fig. 7. Photos in class and on-line community

Table 1. Research subjects

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Table 2. Selection of the subsection for maker program

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Table 3. Activity topics of maker education program

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Table 4. Detail activity of maker education program

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Table 5. Extracting maker competency for technology subjects

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Table 6. Selection of maker competency evaluation tool

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Table 7. Result of expert validity test

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Table 8. Result of contents validity test

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Table 9. Result of paired t-test

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