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긍정심리기반 음악치료가 도박중독자에 대한 가족구성원의 태도에 미치는 영향

Effects of Positive Psychology-Based Music Therapy on Family Members' Attitudes Towards Gambling Addicts

  • 투고 : 2019.04.04
  • 심사 : 2019.06.20
  • 발행 : 2019.06.28

초록

본 연구에서는 도박중독자 가족을 위한 긍정심리기반 음악치료프로그램이 도박중독자에 대한 명시적, 암묵적 태도 변화를 발생시키는지 알아보고자 하였다. 도박문제관련 상담센터를 이용하거나 단도박가족모임(GAM-ANON; 이하 GA)에 참여하고 있는 도박중독자 가족들을 대상으로 연구를 진행하였다. 실험집단(n=11)은 8회기의 긍정심리기반 집단 음악치료 프로그램에 참여하였으며, 비교집단(n=8)은 8회기의 개인상담을 실시하거나 GA 가족모임에 참석하였다. 치료 효과를 확인하기 위해 가족관계에 대한 태도를 명시적(가족관계척도), 암묵적(IAT; Implicit Assoication Task) 방식으로 측정하였으며, 그 외에 자기보고식 방식으로 정서 및 분노(PANAS, HBDIS)의 변화를 함께 확인하였다. 연구결과, 긍정심리기반 음악치료프로그램에 참여한 집단은 비교집단에 비하여 긍정정서가 유의하게 증가하였다. 그러나 치료집단의 암묵적인 태도의 경우, 가족과 부정단어를 연합시키는 속도가 유의하게 빨라졌으며, 이는 치료를 통해 도박중독자 가족들이 중독자 가족에 대한 부정적 감정이 선명하게 드러날 수 있음을 시사한다. 향후에는 도박중독자들의 가족 구성원들의 태도 변화를 직접적으로 이끌 수 있는 치료 프로그램이 제공되어야 할 필요성에 대해 논의하였다.

키워드

도박중독자 가족;긍정심리치료;음악치료;암묵적 태도;긍정정서

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Fig. 1. Implicit Association Test example trial

Table 1. Result of honogeneity tests between the experimental and the control group

OHHGBW_2019_v10n6_269_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Pre-post comparision of experimental group and Control group; Self-report and Implicit attitude

OHHGBW_2019_v10n6_269_t0002.png 이미지

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : National Research Foundation of Korea

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