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Effects of a Team Facilitation Program on Team Activities in Problem Based Learning

문제중심학습(PBL)에서 팀 활동을 촉진을 위한 퍼실리테이션 프로그램 적용에 대한 융합 연구

  • Received : 2019.04.18
  • Accepted : 2019.06.20
  • Published : 2019.06.28

Abstract

This quasi-experimental study was conducted to develop and implement a team facilitation program as well as to evaluate the effects of the program on Problem Based Learning (PBL) and how these influence on team dynamics. Data were collected in a convenient sample of 126 nursing students (intervention group=69; control group=57). Data were analyzed using ${\chi}^2$ test, T-test, and ANCOVA. SPSS23 was used. The intervention group received the PBL team facilitation program, whereas the control group received a human interaction training. The intervention group than the control group demonstrated significantly higher scores in a team dynamic among team members(F=10.35,p<0.01), trust among team members(F=9.86,p<0.01), communication(F=5.69,p<0.05), learning behavior of a team(F=4.57,p<0.05), and individual capability evaluation(F=5.12,p<0.05). Team performance was not significantly different between groups. This study reveals that the team facilitation program is an effective strategy to maximize the effects of PBL. We propose the need for educational strategy to support team function.

Keywords

Problem Based Learning(PBL);Team Leader;Facilitation

Table 1. Experimental and Control Major Experimental Treatments

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Table 2. Homogeneity Test on General Characteristic of Participants

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Table 3. Homogeneity Test on Dependent Variables

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Table 4. Professors’ Evaluation on the Team Leaders

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Table 5. Self-Evaluation of Team Leaders’ Responsibility

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Table 6. Evaluation of Personal Contribution Capacity for Team Activities

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Table 7. Evaluation of Team Dynamic of Team Members

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Table 8. Evaluation of Sub-Domain for Team Dynamics

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : Jesus University

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