Active Antenna Module for 60 GHz Frequency Band

60 GHz 대역 능동 안테나 모듈 설계

  • Ahn, Se-In (Department of Electronic Engineering, Sogang University) ;
  • Yun, Sang-Won (Department of Electronic Engineering, Sogang University)
  • Received : 2019.04.11
  • Accepted : 2019.05.28
  • Published : 2019.06.30


In this paper, an active antenna module operating in the 60 GHz band is designed and fabricated by combining a commercial transmitter chip and patch array antenna. The designed module is composed of an antenna PCB and a PCB with a transmitter chip. The frequency-control and bias-control signals are applied to the transmitter chip, using an Arduino kit. A baseband I/Q signal is also applied to the chip. A ring hybrid balun converts the output of the transmitter module to a single output, which is the output of the transmitter chip that outputs a differential output. The output is delivered to the $2{\times}4$ microstrip patch array antenna PCB as a micro-computer connector. The radiation pattern of the millimeter-wave signal of the final output is compared with the simulation results. The measured radiation patterns of the fabricated active antenna module confirm that the positions of the 3 dB beam width and null point agree well with the simulation results.

JJPHCH_2019_v30n6_518_f0001.png 이미지

그림 1. 능동 안테나 구조 Fig. 1. Active antenna structure.

JJPHCH_2019_v30n6_518_f0002.png 이미지

그림 2. 상용 through pin의 위치 및 전달 특성 Fig. 2. Position and transfer characteristics of commercially available through pins.

JJPHCH_2019_v30n6_518_f0003.png 이미지

그림 3. 설계되어 송신 모듈 PCB에 장착된 발룬 Fig. 3. Designed balun on the transmitter PCB.

JJPHCH_2019_v30n6_518_f0004.png 이미지

그림 4. 설계 제작된 DC 바이어스 및 RF 제어 PCB Fig. 4. Designed PCB for DC bias and RF control.

JJPHCH_2019_v30n6_518_f0005.png 이미지

그림 5. 제작 된 능동 안테나 모듈 Fig. 5. Fabricated active antenna module.

JJPHCH_2019_v30n6_518_f0006.png 이미지

그림 6. 안테나 방사패턴 시뮬레이션 및 측정 결과 Fig. 6. Simulated and measured antenna radiation pattern.


  1. H. Yan, S. Ramesh, T. Gallagher, C. Ling, and D. Cabric, "Performance, power, and area design trade-offs in millimeter beamforming architectures," IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 33-58, May 2019.
  2. D. Wang, H. Wong, K. B. Ng, and C. H. Chan, "Wideband ahorted higher-order moder millimeter-wave patch antenna," in Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, Chicago, IL, Nov. 2012, pp. 1-2.
  3. W. Chen, X. N. Suo, C. Wang, R. H. Wen, and H. Y. Li, "The microstrip beamforming array antenna of millimeter wave fuze," in 2018 12th International Symposium on Antennas, Propagation and EM Theory(ISAPE), Hangzhou, Feb. 2018, pp. 1-3.