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Mechanical performance study and parametric analysis of three-tower four-span suspension bridges with steel truss girders

  • Cheng, Jin (State Key Laboratory for Disaster Reduction in Civil Engineering, Tongji University) ;
  • Xu, Mingsai (Department of Bridge Engineering, Tongji University) ;
  • Xu, Hang (Department of Bridge Engineering, Tongji University)
  • Received : 2018.12.11
  • Accepted : 2019.06.12
  • Published : 2019.07.25

Abstract

This paper aims to study the mechanical performance of three-tower four-span suspension bridges with steel truss girders, including the static and dynamic characteristics of the bridge system, and more importantly, the influence of structural parameters including the side-main span ratio, sag-to-span ratio and the girder stiffness on key mechanical indices. For this purpose, the Oujiang River North Estuary Bridge which is a three-tower four-span suspension bridge with two main spans of 800m under construction in China is taken as an example in this study. This will be the first three-tower suspension bridge with steel truss girders in the world. The mechanical performance study and parametric analysis are conducted based on a validated three-dimensional spatial truss finite element model established for the Oujiang River North Estuary Bridge using MIDAS Civil. It is found that a relatively small side-main span ratio seems to be quite appropriate from the perspective of mechanical performance. And decreasing the sag-to-span ratio is an effective way to reduce the horizontal force subjected to the midtower and improve the antiskid safety of the main cable, while the vertical stiffness of the bridge will be reduced. However, the girder stiffness is shown to be of minimal significance on the mechanical performance. The findings from this paper can be used for design of three-tower suspension bridges with steel truss girders.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Ministry of Science and Technology of China, Central Universities

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