Domestic Research Trend of College Students' Start-up and Entrepreneurship

국내 대학생 창업에 대한 연구 동향

  • Kim, Kyu-Tae (Department of Education, Keimyung University)
  • Received : 2019.05.03
  • Accepted : 2019.07.20
  • Published : 2019.07.28


This study analyzed the research trends of college students' entrepreneurship in 172 scholarly articles in the registered journals of the Korea Research Foundation from 2010 to 2018. The results of this study are as follows: First, the research areas and topics on university students' entrepreneurship focuses on not only characteristics of entrepreneurship and entrepreneur but also entrepreneurship education. Also, the research method was dependent on the quantitative research method coupled with the statistic techniques such as descriptive statistics, correlation, t-test, ANOVA, regression analysis, and structural equation modeling. In future research, it is necessary to expand research areas to startup idea design, startup business environment and policies. Also, it is necessary to explore various variables related to entrepreneurship, not focusing on specific variables such as entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship education as well as to analyze meta analysis of the relationship between the variables influencing on the entrepreneurial intention. In addition, qualitative research and mixed research are needed to explore the process of developing entrepreneurship and the factors affecting the process of entrepreneurship.

본 연구는 2010년부터 2018년까지 한국연구재단의 등재학술지에 게재된 학술논문 172편을 대상으로 대학생 창업에 대한 연구동향을 분석하였다. 분석 결과, 대학생 창업 연구는 창업과 창업가로서의 특성과 창업교육 관련 연구영역과 주제에 초점을 두고 있으며, 창업의지나 기업가정신, 창업교육 등 특정 변수에 대한 변수 관계를 탐색하기 위해 통계분석을 활용한 양적연구에 치중하고 있다는 점을 확인하였다. 향후 연구에서는 창업 아이디어 발굴, 창업환경, 창업제도 등 연구영역에 대한 연구의 확장이 필요하다. 또한, 창업의지, 창업교육 및 기업가정신 등 특정 변수에 초점을 둔 것에서 벗어나 창업 관련 다양한 변수 관계를 탐색할 필요가 있다. 그리고 종속변수로서 창업의지에 영향을 미치는 변수들과의 관계에 대한 메타분석이 필요하다. 아울러, 대학생 창업과 기업가정신이 형성되는 과정과 그 과정에 영향을 미치는 요인들에 대한 이론적 구조를 탐색하고 그 구조에 대한 실증적 탐색을 하는 질적연구와 혼합연구가 활성화될 필요가 있다.


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Fig. 1. Content Analysis Process in This Study

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Fig. 2. Transition of Published Paper

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Fig. 3. Author Number of Paper

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Fig. 4. Frequency of Research Area

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Fig. 5. Frequency of Research Method

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Fig. 6. Frequency of Statistics Analysis Method

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Fig. 7. Frequency of Entrepreneurship Education

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Fig. 8. Variables Influenced by Entrepreneurship Education

Table 1. Areas and Topics of Entrepreneurship and Start-up

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Table 2. College Courses of Entrepreneurship and Start-up

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Table 3. Previous Studies of Research Trends

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Table 4. Analysis Criteria for This Study

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Table 5. The Most Published Journals

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Table 6. The Frequency of Research Topics

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Table 7. The Frequency of Dependent Variable

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Table 8. The Frequency of Independent Variable

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Table 9. The Frequency of Mediating Variable

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Table 10. The Frequency of Moderating Variable

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Table 11. The Relationship between Independent Variables and Entrepreneurial Intention as Dependent Variable

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