Japanese Private Detective Investigation of Long Term Missing Person

일본 탐정의 장기미제 실종자 조사

  • 신재헌 (동국대학교 범죄학) ;
  • 김상운 (대구가톨릭대 경찰행정학과)
  • Received : 2019.04.30
  • Accepted : 2019.06.10
  • Published : 2019.07.28


The purpose of this study is to suggest legalization of private investigation system by giving an example of Japanese detective investigation on people who have been missing for a long time. To accomplish the research purpose, this study reviewed literature and used preceding researches on Japanese detective system to complete theoretical background. This study also identified the missing people in Korea and Japan to accomplish the research purpose. Conclusion: In Japan, about 80,000 people are reported to be missing every year. Although most of them are found on that day or within a week, some of them are not found for more than a week. There even a case where the person was missing for more than 3 years. In such case, the Japanese citizens requests detectives to find the missing person instead of depending on the police. When Japanese detectives are paid by their client, they provide the security service requested by the client. Japanese detectives receive about 100,000 yen to 700,000 yen for finding missing person and they find the missing person through investigation on voluntary or involuntary missing person. Such activities of Japanese detectives point out the necessity of introducing private investigation system in Korea. Currently, most missing people are not found in Korea. Introduction of private investigation system will help in finding the missing person, reducing the excessive workload of police, and creating jobs.

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그림 1. 일본경찰의 실종자 수색원 양식

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그림 2. 일본 동경도 경시청에 게시된 실종자 안내[6]

표 1. 실종자의 정의[5]

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표 2. 「행방불명자 발견 활동에 관한 규칙(行方不明者発見活動に関する規則)」의 특정실종자 대상

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표 3. 일본의 실종자 현황(2014-2018)[6]

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표 4. 일본의 실종자 확인 현황(2018)[6]

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표 5. 일본인 실종원인(2014-2018)[6]

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