Influencing Factors of Social Anxiety in Late School-aged Children

학령후기 아동의 사회불안에 미치는 영향요인

  • Moon, So-Hyun (Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chosun University) ;
  • Kim, Hyung-ran (Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chosun University) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-Suk (Asia Institute for Happiness)
  • 문소현 (조선대학교 의과대학 간호학과) ;
  • 김형란 (조선대학교 의과대학 간호학과) ;
  • 김정숙 (아시아 행복연구원)
  • Received : 2019.01.28
  • Accepted : 2019.06.07
  • Published : 2019.06.30


The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of social anxiety among late School-aged Children and identify factors influencing the tendency to social anxiety. A self-report survey was conducted with primary school children who were in the 6th grades. Two hundred and seventy eight children were included in the study. The instruments utilized in this study were SASCA-K (Korean Social Anxiety Scale for children and adolescents), SES(Self-esteem Scale), CAPS(Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale), DSRS-C(Depression Self-Rating Scale for Children), and IPPA-R(Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment-Revised version). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, One-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation and multiple regression with SPSS WIN 23.0 program. Social anxiety for the schoolchildren was positively correlated with perfectionism and depression, whereas self-esteem and attachment security was negatively correlated with social anxiety. Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that 38.0% of the variance for social anxiety was significantly accounted for by self-esteem, self-oriented perfectionism, depression, attachment security (Father-communication). The most significant factor influencing social anxiety was self-esteem. Findings suggest that expanding health education, counseling and school-based health education programs is necessary to prevent and intervention mental problems of late School-aged Children through integrated intervention by schools, families and communities.

Table 1. Social Anxiety according to General Characteristics

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Table 2. Mean and Standard Deviation of Variables

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Table 3. Correlation among Variables

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Table 4. Factors Influencing Social Anxiety

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