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학령후기 아동의 사회불안에 미치는 영향요인

Influencing Factors of Social Anxiety in Late School-aged Children

  • 문소현 (조선대학교 의과대학 간호학과) ;
  • 김형란 (조선대학교 의과대학 간호학과) ;
  • 김정숙 (아시아 행복연구원)
  • Moon, So-Hyun (Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chosun University) ;
  • Kim, Hyung-ran (Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chosun University) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-Suk (Asia Institute for Happiness)
  • 투고 : 2019.01.28
  • 심사 : 2019.06.07
  • 발행 : 2019.06.30

초록

본 연구는 학령후기 아동의 사회불안 정도와 사회불안에 영향을 미치는 요인을 파악하기 위한 것이다. 설문지를 이용한 서술적 조사연구 방법으로 초등학교에 재학 중인 6학년 아동 278명을 연구대상자로 하였으며, 연구도구는 SASCA-K(Korean Social Anxiety Scale for children and adolescents, 사회불안 척도), SES(Self-esteem Scale, 자아존중감 척도), CAPS(Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale, 완벽주의 척도), DSRS-C(Depression Self-Rating Scale for Children, 아동우울 척도), IPPA-R(Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment-Revised version부모 및 또래애착 척도)을 사용하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS WIN 23.0을 이용하여 기술통계, t-test, One-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation, stepwise multiple regression을 실시하였다. 연구결과 학령후기 아동의 사회 불안과 완벽주의, 우울은 긍정적인 상관관계가 있는 반면, 자아존중감, 애착안정성은 부정적인 상관관계가 있었다. 단계적 다중회귀 분석에서는 자아존중감, 자기 지향적 완벽주의, 우울, 부 애착 의사소통이 사회불안에 영향을 주는 요인으로 38% 설명하는 것으로 나타났으며, 사회불안에 가장 영향을 미치는 요인은 자아존중감으로 분석되었다. 학교, 가족, 지역사회의 통합적인 개입을 통해 학령후기 아동의 정신문제를 예방하고 중재하기 위해 건강교육, 상담 및 학교기반 보건교육 프로그램 확대가 필요하다.

키워드

Anxiety;Self-Concept;Perfectionism;Depression;Child

Table 1. Social Anxiety according to General Characteristics

SHGSCZ_2019_v20n6_63_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Mean and Standard Deviation of Variables

SHGSCZ_2019_v20n6_63_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Correlation among Variables

SHGSCZ_2019_v20n6_63_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Factors Influencing Social Anxiety

SHGSCZ_2019_v20n6_63_t0004.png 이미지

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