Experimental study of rockburst under true-triaxial gradient loading conditions

  • Liu, Xiqi (School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Wuhan University of Technology) ;
  • Xia, Yuanyou (School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Wuhan University of Technology) ;
  • Lin, Manqing (School of Xingfa Mining Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology) ;
  • Benzerzour, Mahfoud (Institute Mines-Telecom Lille Douai)
  • Received : 2019.03.04
  • Accepted : 2019.07.15
  • Published : 2019.08.10


Due to the underground openings, the tangentially concentrated stress of the tunnel remains larger at excavation boundary and decreases toward the interior of the surrounding rock with a certain gradient. In order to study the effect of different gradient stress on rockburst, the true-triaxial gradient and hydraulic-pneumatic combined test apparatus were carried out to simulate the rockburst processes. Under the different gradient stress conditions, the rock-like specimen (gypsum) was tested independently through three principal stress directions loading--fast unloading of single surface--top gradient and hydraulic-pneumatic combined loading, which systematically analyzed the macro-mesoscopic damage phenomena, force characteristics and acoustic emission (AE) signals of the specimen during rockburst. The experimental results indicated that the rockburst test under the gradient and hydraulic-pneumatic combined loading conditions could perfectly reflect the rockburst processes and their stress characteristics; Relatively high stress loading could cause specimen failure, but could not determine its mode. The rockburst under the action of gradient stress suggested that the failure mode of specimen mainly depended on the stress gradient. When the stress gradient was lower, progressive and static spalling failure occured and the rockburst grades were relatively slight. On the other hand, shear fractures occurred in rockbursts accounted for increasingly large proportion as the stress gradient increased and the rockburst occurred more intensely and suddenly, the progressive failure process became unconspicuous, and the rockburst grades were moderate or even stronger.


Supported by : National Natural Science Foundation of China, Wuhan Institute of Technology Science, Central Universities


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