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Factors Affecting Depression in the Elderly Over 65 Years in Korea: Using Andersen's Behavioral Model

한국 65세 이상 노인의 우울증에 영향을 미치는 요인 : 앤더슨 모형을 활용한 융합적 연구

  • Park, Hyo-Eun (Division of Nursing, Suwon Women's University) ;
  • Seo, In Soon (Division of Nursing, Suwon Women's University)
  • 박효은 (수원여자대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 서인순 (수원여자대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2019.07.08
  • Accepted : 2019.08.20
  • Published : 2019.08.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to comprehensively investigate predictive factors influencing on geriatric depression of the elderly by applying the Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Service Use,. The research data was focused on the final analysis of 3,585 elderly population aged 65 or older among 21,724 participants in the 6th (2013-2015) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis was conducted to multivariate analysis method of the variables for possible depression by the Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Service Use. As a result of hierarchical regression analysis, there was a negative correlation of 0.49 times(0.31-0.78) for males. In addition, there was a positive correlation of pain 1.56 times(1.05-2.31), stress 0.55 times(1.10-2.19), walking exercise 1.44 times(1.03-2.00) and outpatient use 1.48 times(1.10-1.98). Therefore, differentiated support according to the gender of the community residents is necessary, and stress intervention or additional support for exercise is required.

Keywords

The elderly;Depression;Korea national health and nutrition examination survey;Andersen's behavioral model;Factors affecting depression

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Suwon Women's University

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