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The Relation between Social Networking Sites and Depression by Gender: Mediating effects of Collective Identity, Perceived Social Support, and Negative Comparison

성별에 따른 SNS사용유형이 우울감에 미치는 영향연구: 집단소속감, 지각된 사회지지, 부정적 사회비교의 매개효과

  • Lee, Seunguk (Department of Counseling, Donga University) ;
  • Choi, Younyoung (Department of Adolescent Counseling, Hanyang Cyber University) ;
  • Lee, Hyunwoo (Department of Educational Technology, Hanyang University)
  • 이승욱 (동아대학교 의료상담심리학과) ;
  • 최윤영 (한양사이버대학교 청소년상담학과) ;
  • 이현우 (한양대학교 교육공학과)
  • Received : 2019.05.29
  • Accepted : 2019.08.20
  • Published : 2019.08.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study aimed to investigate the gender differences in the mediating effects of perceived social support and negative comparison in the relation between social networking sites and depression. For this analysis, 483 samples were collected and conducted by multi-group structural equation model. The findings of this study were as follows: (1) Collective identity was observed both in Facebook and in Internet Cafe activities. (2) Collective identity was positively related to perceived social support, but perceived social support was negatively related to depression. Also, negative comparison was positively related to depression. (3) In terms of gender differences, the Facebook activities were negatively related to depression for male while the internet cafe activities were positively related to depression for female. Lastly, (4) The collective identity was positively related to negative comparison for female.

Keywords

SNS;Collective Identity;Depression;Perceived Social Support;Negative Comparison

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF)

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