Evaluation of Dietary Quality and Nutritional Status based on Nutrition Quotient and Health Functional Food Intake in the Korea Elderly

노인의 건강기능식품 섭취 실태와 영양지수를 이용한 식사의 질 및 영양 평가

  • Gham, Minju (Nutrition Education Major, Graduate School of Education, Gachon University) ;
  • Um, Mihyang (Nutrition Education Major, Graduate School of Education, Gachon University) ;
  • Kye, Seunghee (Nutrition Education Major, Graduate School of Education, Gachon University)
  • 감민주 (가천대학교 교육대학원 영양교육) ;
  • 엄미향 (가천대학교 교육대학원 영양교육) ;
  • 계승희 (가천대학교 교육대학원 영양교육)
  • Received : 2019.06.27
  • Accepted : 2019.07.11
  • Published : 2019.08.31


This study aim to evaluate dietary quality and nutritional status according to the consumption of health functional food using Nutrition Quotient for Korean elderly (NQ-E) for 288 elderly people attending senior welfare centers in Gyeonggi-do. The questionnaire consisted of items about general information, health functional food, and Nutrition Quotient for Korean elderly (NQ-E). Chi-squared test, Fisher's exact tests, and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) were performed using the SAS program ver. 9.4. Among the male and female subjects, the female subjects consumed more health functional food. The results of the dietary quality and nutritional status difference according to the intake of health functional food showed significant differences only in the areas of variety and abstinence among nutrition quotient factors for men, while no significant differences were observed in any of the nutrition quotient factors for women. In conclusion, focused-nutrition education program and useful guideline is needed for promoting adequate consumption of health functional foods in elderly.


Health functional food;elderly;Nutrition Quotient (NQ-E);nutrition education


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