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Size measurement and characterization of ceria nanoparticles using asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AsFlFFF)

  • Kim, Kihyun (Department of Chemistry, Hannam University) ;
  • Choi, Seong-Ho (Department of Chemistry, Hannam University) ;
  • Lee, Seungho (R&BD center, Chemtree Co.Ltd.) ;
  • Kim, Woonjung (Department of Chemistry, Hannam University)
  • Received : 2018.11.30
  • Accepted : 2019.08.14
  • Published : 2019.10.25

Abstract

As the size of semiconductors becomes smaller, it is necessary to perform high precision polishing of nanoscale. Ceria, which is generally used as an abrasive, is widely used because of its uniform quality, but its stability is not high because it has a high molecular weight and causes agglomeration and rapid precipitation. Such agglomeration and precipitation causes scratches in the polishing process. Therefore, it is important to accurately analyze the size distribution of ceria particles. In this study, a study was conducted to select dispersants useful for preventing coagulation and sedimentation of ceria. First, a dispersant was synthesized and a ceria slurry was prepared. The defoamer selection experiment was performed in order to remove the air bubbles which may occur in the production of ceria slurry. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AsFlFFF) were used to determine the size distribution of ceria particles in the slurry. AsFlFFF is a technique for separating nanoparticles based on sequential elution of samples as in chromatography, and is a useful technique for determining the particle size distribution of nanoparticle samples. AsFlFFF was able to confirm the presence of a little quantities of large particles in the vicinity of 300 nm, which DLS can not detect, besides the main distribution in the range of 60-80 nm. AsFlFFF showed better accuracy and precision than DLS for particle size analysis of a little quantities of large particles such as ceria slurry treated in this study.

Keywords

Chemical mechanical Polishing (CMP);slurry;Ceria;particle size distribution;Asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AsFlFFF);Dynamic light scattering (DLS)

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Environment Industry & Technology Institute (KEITI)

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