- Volume 20 Issue 10
DOI QR Code
The Impact of the Youth's Positive Psychological Capital to Reemployment Attitudes
20대 청년들의 긍정심리자본이 재취업 태도에 미치는 영향
- Choi, Young-Joon (Graduate school of Education, Dankook University) ;
- Park, Geum-Ju (Center for Teaching and Learning, Dankook University)
- Received : 2019.07.15
- Accepted : 2019.10.04
- Published : 2019.10.31
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of positive psychological capital on re-employment attitudes of youth in their 20s dealing with an unemployment rate of more than 10%. The effect of positive psychological capital on attitudes for re-employment was analyzed by domain, and is based on variables of positive psychological capital composed of self-efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism. As a result, hope (3.64) was the highest on the scale; however, resilience (at 3.37) was the lowest. In the analysis of positive psychological capital, the university graduate group (3.89) was the highest. But, the high school graduate group (3.25) was the lowest. In the results for re-employment attitude based on education level, the university graduate group (4.93) was the highest, but the high school graduate group (3.80) was lowest. The main variables influencing re-employment attitude were (in order): hope, optimism, self-efficacy, and resilience. These factors have an explanatory power for the four variables of around 25%. Overall, young adults (in their 20s) have higher levels of positive psychological capital because they have a higher education level. Also, higher educated re-employed applicants have higher positive psychological capital and attitudes for re-employment, compared to the other groups.
- Korean Statistical Information Service, economically active population survey: by gender/age, Available From: http://www.kosis.kr (accessed Jun. 26, 2019)
- B. S. Kim, H. S. Jung, Recent changes in the irregular labor market, Using additional surveys by work type, Labor review, No.130, pp.91-108, 2016.
- E. H. Lee, Initial Occupational Mobility of Youths, KRIVET Issue Brief, Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education & Training, No.107, 2016.
- Y. S. Lim, Policy determinants of youth reemployment, Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, 2017.
- H. S. Lee, Y. G. Lee, The Impact of the Middle Age's Positive Psychological Capital to Reemployment, Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol.17, No.5, pp.33-40, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2019.17.5.033 https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2019.17.5.033
- F. Luthans, B. J. Avolio, J. B. Avey & S. M, Norman, Psychological Capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Gallup Leadership Institute, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. 2006.
- F. Luthans, S. M. Norman, B. J, Avolio & B. James Avey, The Mediating Role of Psychological Capital in the Supportive Organizational Climate: Employee Performance Relationship. Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol.29, No.2, pp.219-238, 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/job.507 https://doi.org/10.1002/job.507
- M. Y. Park, Y. C. Jang, G. H. Lee, A Study on the Effects of Positive Psychological Capital of Employee Engagement and Career Satisfaction: Focused on the Employee Organization of University Hospital in Seoul Area by Multi-Group Analysis, Korea Journal of Business Administration, Vol.28, No.12, pp.3095-3130, 2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18032/kaaba.2015.28.12.3095 https://doi.org/10.18032/kaaba.2015.28.12.3095
- E. Diener, Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for national index. American Psychologist, Vol.55, No.12, pp.34-43, 2000. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.34 https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.34
- F. Luthans, C. M. Youssef, B. J. Avolio, Psychological capital: Developing the human competitive edge. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
- F. Luthans, C. M. Youssef, B. J. Avolio, Psychological capital : developing the human competitive edge, OXFORD University Press, 2007.
- M. Y. Lee, J. Y. Shim, A Study on the Need for Diagnosis of Handicapped Needs of the Disabled, Korea Employment Agency for the Disabled employment Development Institute, pp.29-52, 2017.
- I. W. Bae, An analysis on job-searching determinants of career-interrupted female baby boomers, sookmyung women, Doctor's thesis, Sookmyung Women's University, 2009.
- S. A. Lee, K. H. Shin, A Moderating Effect of Perceived Employ ability on the Relationship Between Career Barriers and Job Search Behavior: A Study on the Career Interrupted Women, Journal of the Korea Data Analysis Society , Vol.20, No.4, pp.2061-2076, 2018. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2018.24.1.61 https://doi.org/10.37727/jkdas.2018.20.4.2061
- [Internet] Employment Welfare Plus Center, Available From: http://workplus.go.kr (accessed Aug. 20, 2019)