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An Integrative Literature Review on Sex Education Programs for Korean College Students

한국의 대학생을 대상으로 한 성교육 프로그램에 관한 통합적 고찰

  • Shin, Hyewon (School of Nursing, Clemson University) ;
  • Lee, Jung Min (School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro) ;
  • Min, Hye Young (Department of Nursing, Ewha Womans University)
  • Received : 2019.11.30
  • Accepted : 2020.01.21
  • Published : 2020.02.28

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to synthesize the literature on the sex education programs for Korean college students and to provide a basis for developing effective sex education programs for this population. Methods: Whittemore and Knafl's integrative review method guided this review of studies conducted from 2000 to 2019. Articles were identified through three electronic databases and scholarly web sites. Fifteen articles met the inclusion criteria. Results: Three studies were descriptive, and 12 described interventions. In most of the reviewed studies, sexual knowledge, sexual attitudes, and sexual autonomy improved after sex education interventions. Before providing sex education, the researchers assessed student's needs for sex education and the various topics provided through sex education programs. Conclusion: When developing sex education programs, we need to a) focus on practical sexual knowledge including contraceptive methods, b) provide repeated and continuous education of a sufficient duration, c) provide comprehensive sex education beyond biological sex, and d) use various teaching methods to allow participants to gain a better understanding. Additionally, sex education should be conducted by experts such as nurses or trained educators to provide systematic and comprehensive education for young adults.

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