- Volume 46 Issue 1
DOI QR Code
Estimation of High-Risk Drinkers and Drinking Behavior in Korea - Focusing on Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) and Korean Statistical Information Service Data -
- Hwang, Seonghee (School of Food & Nutrition Science for Bioindustry, Semyung University)
- Received : 2020.01.13
- Accepted : 2020.02.06
- Published : 2020.02.29
Objectives: This study investigated the average number of drinkers in Korea, the number of high-risk drinkers, the average amount of alcohol consumed by high-risk drinkers, and the types of alcohol consumed according to the characteristics of the group of dependent drinkers. Methods: The results were obtained by analyzing the following data: The Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health; Country Profile 2014; WHO Country Profile 2014; Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014, Korean Statistical Information Service; National Tax Statistics-Liquor Tax; Gallup Drinking Frequency Survey 2015 Results: This study found that a large proportion of drinkers in Korea are already high-risk drinkers, and even among drinkers, alcohol consumption was highly biased. It was reported that 49.8% of men in the problem, abuse, and dependence groups accounted for 92.4% of total alcohol consumption among the male population. Notably, the 9.6% of men making up the dependent group consumed more than 30% of the alcohol ingested among males. Women had significant variations within groups that were considered high-risk and exhibited a large share of alcohol consumption in the problem (10.0% of the female population), abuse (1.8% of the female population), and dependence (1.5% of the female population) groups, constituting 72.8% of total alcohol consumption. The average amount of alcohol consumed by drinkers in Korea seems to have exceeded the level of intake by high-risk groups. Alcohol-dependent groups consumed 900.7 mL of soju, 405.2 mL of table wine, and 2,043.8 mL of beer, which is very similar to the consumption average of 2,031 mL of beer and 895.2 mL of soju in the drinking group. Conclusion: It has been shown that men's dependence on alcohol is serious, and it is possible to infer that alcohol consumption in some vulnerable groups is very high. As the average alcohol intake among alcohol-dependent groups and ordinary drinkers is very similar, it is highly likely that the drinker is an alcohol-dependent consumer in Korea.
Supported by : Semyung University
- National Tax Statistics, Liquor tax retern. [Available from http://stats.nts.go.kr/national/major_detail.asp?year=2016&catecode=A06001].
- Kim KK, Cho NN. Trends of alcohol attributable mortality in Korea: 1995-2000. Health Policy and Management. 2004; 14(1): 24-43. https://doi.org/10.4332/KJHPA.2004.14.1.024
- Chun SS, Ahn BM, Kim MK, Sohn AR. Cognitive differences of drinking attitude and drinking problems between the normal drinker and the problem drinker. Korean.Public Health Research. 2011; 37(1): 121-130.
- Monthly Drinking. Korean Statistical Information Service. [Available from http://kosis.kr/statHtml/images/kosisTitle.gif].
- Alcohol Control Policy, Change Paradigm. PHI Research Report 2014-01. People's Health Institute. 2014.
- Rehm J, Mathers C, Popova S, Thavorncharoensap M, Teerawattananon Y, Patra J. Global burden of disease and injury and economic cost attributable to alcohol use and alcohol-use disorders. Lancet. 2009; 373: 2223-2233. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60746-7
- Casswell S, Thamrangsi T. Reducing Harms from alcohol: call to action. Lancet 2009; 373: 2247-2257. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60745-5
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Korea. Prevalence of alcohol use among adult in Korea. 2012. [Available from http://www.cdc.go.kr/CDC/cms/content/mobile/07/17407_view.html].
- Chun SS, Kim JH. Association between obesity and patterns of alcohol drinking in Korea. Korean.Public Health Research. 2014; 44(1): 99-108.
- Global Alcohol Policy Alliance. Statement of concern: The international public health community responds to the global alcohol producers' attempts to implement the WHO Global Strategy on the Harmful Use of Alcohol. 2013.
- The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). GBD cause patterns. 2014. [Available from (http://goo.gl/YIchB)].
- National Tax Service. Health at a Glance. National Tax Statistical Yearbook. OECD. 2017.
- Korea Addiction Research Foundation. Alcoholrelated statistical indicators and statistics. [Available from http://www.karf.or.kr/information/alcoholDB_list.asp].
- Ministry of Health and Welfare. Final report on the reduction of alcohol consumption based on evidence. Ulsan University Industrial-Academic Cooperation Group. 2014.
- WHO. WHO Global Status Report. [Available from https://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/global_alcohol_report/profiles/kor.pdf?ua=1].
- WHO. WHO country profile on Alcohol and Health, Country Profile 2014. [Available from https://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/global_alcohol_report/msb_gsr_2014_2.pdf?ua=1].
- Ministry of Health and Welfare. Korea National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey 2014. [Available from https://knhanes.cdc.go.kr/knhanes/main.do].
- Korea National Statistical Office. Population Distribution Data by Gender and Age. [Available from http://kosis.kr/index/index.do].
- KCDC. Community Health Survey. Consumption composition ratio according to alcohol consumption level. 2010, 2012.
- E-Nara Indicators. Liquor forwarding volume status. 2012. [Available from http://www.index.go.kr/potal/main/EachDtlPageDetail.do?idx_cd=2824]
- Korean Public Health Association. Annual binge drinking frequency for drinkers. 2014. [Available from http://stat.kpha.or.kr/].
- Gallup Korea Daily Opinion. A survey of drinking culture. 2015. [Available from http://www.gallup. co.kr/gallupdb/reportDownload.asp?seqNo=706].
- WHO. AUDIT: The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; Guidelines for Use in Primary Care. 2nd ed. 2001.
- Kim DK. Alcohol consumption and drinking patterns. KiRi Aging Review. 2018; 17: 12-14.
- Ministry of Health and Welfare. A Study on the Characteristic of Drinking Culture and the Improvement of Access to Liquor. 21-30, 2018.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevalence of alcohol use among adult in Korea. [Available from http://www.cdc.go.kr/CDC/cms/content/mobile/07/17407_view.html].
- National Assembly Discussion on Drinking Policy. "A drunken alcohol policy". 2012. [Available from http://www.labortoday.co.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=113609].
- Citizens' Health Promotion Institute. Alcohol control policy, paradigm shift is needed. Civil health issue 2012-10. 2012.
- Parker DA, Harman MS. The distribution of consumption model of prevention of alcohol problems. A critical assessment. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 1978; 39(3): 377-399. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsa.1978.39.377