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Distinct Developmental Features of Olfactory Bulb Interneurons

  • Kim, Jae Yeon (Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Graduate School, Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Choe, Jiyun (Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Graduate School, Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Moon, Cheil (Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Graduate School, Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology)
  • Received : 2020.01.30
  • Accepted : 2020.03.02
  • Published : 2020.03.31

Abstract

The olfactory bulb (OB) has an extremely higher proportion of interneurons innervating excitatory neurons than other brain regions, which is evolutionally conserved across species. Despite the abundance of OB interneurons, little is known about the diversification and physiological functions of OB interneurons compared to cortical interneurons. In this review, an overview of the general developmental process of interneurons from the angles of the spatial and temporal specifications was presented. Then, the distinct features shown exclusively in OB interneurons development and molecular machinery recently identified were discussed. Finally, we proposed an evolutionary meaning for the diversity of OB interneurons.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation (NRF), Korea Brain Research Institute

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