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Effects of exercise on hematological and serum biochemical parameters in riding ponies

승용마의 운동에 따른 혈액학 및 혈청 생화학치의 변화

  • Ko, Jeong-Ja (College of Veterinary Medicine and Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Jeju National University) ;
  • Lee, Young-Woo (Korea Racing Authority) ;
  • Seo, Jong-Pil (College of Veterinary Medicine and Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Jeju National University) ;
  • Lee, Kyoung-Kap (College of Veterinary Medicine and Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Jeju National University)
  • 고정자 (제주대학교 수의과대학 및 수의과학연구소) ;
  • 이영우 (한국마사회) ;
  • 서종필 (제주대학교 수의과대학 및 수의과학연구소) ;
  • 이경갑 (제주대학교 수의과대학 및 수의과학연구소)
  • Received : 2019.11.13
  • Accepted : 2020.01.31
  • Published : 2020.03.31

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to investigate changes in hematological and serum biochemical parameters in ponies exercising 3 times a day. The study included 10 healthy 4- to 5-year-old Jeju crossbred ponies used in riding lessons at an equestrian riding school. Hematology and serum chemistry samples were obtained before the initial lesson and after the last lesson of the day. The post-exercise results showed that packed cell volume, white blood cell, red blood cell, hemoglobin, and total protein levels increased significantly (p < 0.05). Serum Na+ also increased significantly (p < 0.01), but serum Ca++ decreased significantly (p < 0.01). Creatinine kinase, aspartate amino transferase, gamma glutamyl transferase, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and bilirubin levels increased significantly (p < 0.05), but the glucose level decreased significantly (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the serum cortisol hormone level increased significantly (p < 0.01). The results suggest that participating in riding lessons three times a day may result in various physiological changes, indicating the presence of exercise-related stress in riding ponies.

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