A Meta-Analysis on the Effect of Entrepreneurship on the Entrepreneurial Intention: Mediating Effect of Entrepreneur Education

기업가정신이 창업의지에 미치는 영향에 관한 메타분석: 창업교육의 매개효과

  • Yoon, Byeong seon (Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Chun Kyu (Graduate School of New Drug Discovery and Development, Chungnam National University)
  • 윤병선 (충남대학교 산학협력단) ;
  • 김천규 (충남대학교 신약전문대학원)
  • Received : 2020.05.11
  • Accepted : 2020.06.23
  • Published : 2020.06.30

Abstract

This study conducted a meta-analysis on the effects of innovation, risk-taking, and enterprising on entrepreneurship. From 2013 to 2020, 392 papers, which were judged as quantitative research from doctoral and master thesis, and academic journals published in Korea were selected as research subjects. 28 duplicates of thesis and thesis are excluded. A total of 52 papers were finally selected, excluding 312 papers that were insufficient to be used as research data because there were no statistical values such as correlation coefficients. For the 52 selected papers, the homogeneity of the variables was first verified. As a result of the homogeneity test, the innovativeness, risk-taking, initiative, and entrepreneurship education all showed great effects on heterogeneity, and the average effect size was analyzed by random effect model. The average effect size analyzed was 0.38 ~ 0.49, and all four variables showed moderate average effect size. As a result of analyzing the average effect size by forest plot, all showed proper results. From the results of funnel plot analysis of entrepreneurship education, published errors were confirmed asymmetric. Research data on entrepreneurship education shows that it cannot represent the whole. It is a structural equation model with entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention as a parameter. Iinnovation and risk-taking have an impact on entrepreneurship by taking entrepreneurship education as a parameter. Initiative had an effect on the entrepreneurial intention a business, regardless of entrepreneurship education. In a number of studies, university entrepreneurship education has had an impact on the entrepreneurial intention. It should be changed to entrepreneurship education that combines theory and practice. Entrepreneurship education should be transformed into continuous and field-oriented education.

본 연구는 기업가정신의 구성요소인 혁신성, 위험감수성, 진취성이 창업교육을 매개변수로 하여 창업의지에 미치는 영향에 관하여 메타분석을 실시하였다. 창업의지에 영향을 미치는 선행연구들 중 2013년부터 2020년까지 국내에서 발표된 학술지 논문과 박사 및 석사 학위에서 양적연구로 판단되는 392편의 논문을 연구대상으로 선정하였다. 그 중에서 학위논문과 학술지 논문이 중복되는 28개를 제외하고, 상관계수 등 통계수치가 없어서 연구 자료로 활용하기에 미흡한 논문 312개를 제외하여 최종적으로 52편의 논문을 선정하였다. 최종 선정된 52편의 논문을 대상으로 변수에 대하여 우선 동질성에 대하여 검증하였다. 동질성 검증결과 혁신성, 위험감수성, 진취성, 창업교육 모두 이질성에 있어서 큰 효과를 보여 평균효과크기는 확률효과모형으로 분석하였다. 분석한 평균효과크기는 0.38~0.49로 4개 변수 모두 중간정도의 평균효과크기를 보였다. 평균효과크기에 대하여 forest plot로 분석한 결과 모두 정적인 결과를 보였으며 창업교육에 대한 funnel plot 분석 결과에서 출간오류가 비대칭으로 확인되어 창업교육에 대한 연구 자료가 전체를 대변할 수 없음을 보여주고 있다. 기업가정신과 창업의지에 대하여 창업교육을 매개변수로 하는 구조방정식 모형에서 혁신성과 위험감수성은 창업교육을 매개변수로 하여 창업의지에 영향을 미치고 있지만 진취성은 창업교육과는 관계없이 창업의지에 영향을 미치고 있었다. 다수의 연구결과에서 대학의 창업교육이 본질적 목적인 창업의지에 영향을 미치기 위해서는 이론과 실습을 병행하는 창업교육으로 개편되어야 하고 기업가정신 교육은 지속적이고 현장 중심교육으로 변해야 한다.

Keywords

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