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A Review of Research Trends on Trauma in Maritime Police Officers and Police Officers in Korea

해양경찰·경찰 공무원의 외상(trauma)관련 국내 연구 동향

  • Park, Kyung Ryun (Major in Clinical and Counseling Psychology, Department of Medicine, General Graduate School, CHA University)
  • 박경련 (차의과학대학교 의학과 임상상담심리전공)
  • Received : 2020.05.25
  • Accepted : 2020.06.26
  • Published : 2020.06.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze research trends on trauma in maritime police officers and police officers in Korea and suggest future research directions. We collected 57 studies related to trauma in maritime police and police from Korean Citation Index listed journals and analyzed basic information, subjects, research methods, measurements and related variables. The results showed that studies have been conducted sporadically from 2010 and only six out of the 57 studies were conducted for maritime police officers. Police administration (59.6 %) was the most common area of researchers' major, followed by psychology (19.3 %), medicine and nursing (10.5 %), social welfare (8.8 %) and education(1.8 %). Five out of the six maritime police studies were conducted in the police administration field. Most of the studies adopted the quantitative research method (78.9 %). Only three studies adopted the qualitative method, all of which targeted police officers. The IES-R-K was the most used PTSD scale, followed by the PDS and the PCL-5. Trauma-related variables were commonly conducted in the order of traumatic event experience, resilience, stress-coping methods and social support. Finally, the implications of the findings of our study and the suggestions for further research were discussed.

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